In 2022, Canada Welcomes 390,000 Immigrants
Canada will be welcoming more than a million people as permanent residents in the coming 3 years.
This number was announced in the federal government’s Immigration Levels Plan of 2020-2022.
Canada will carry on with its efforts to increase the number of immigrants. It may give time to stakeholders to plan for accommodating more population.
Canada accepted 320,000 immigrants in 2018, 341,000 immigrants in 2019. In 2020 its target is to get 341,000 immigrants.
In 2021, it aims to welcome 351,000 newcomers, and in 2022, it is 361,000 immigrants. The latest plan facilitates Canada with the opportunity to welcome 390,000 members in 2022.
The most crucial point in the announcement is that it is the first time such a declaration about the number of expected immigrants is made public.
The first attempt made by Canada to declare multi-year-levels plans were disturbed by the recession. In 2017, Canada reintroduced this plan.
The multi-year plans will help stakeholders like urban planners to take the necessary steps to support the social and economic adjustments of the new immigrants.
The higher immigration rates would decrease the pressure Canada is facing economically and fiscally because of the population that is aging and low birth rates. In the coming decade, more than 9 million Canadians will be facing retirement, which would mean that the country would become further dependent on newcomers from other countries to maintain a strong workforce and a healthier economy.
Economic class immigrants will lead the way:
Canada will welcome immigrants from economic class, with 58% of them coming through programs like Express Entry, Provincial Nomination, Quebec’s plan, and others like the Atlantic Immigration Pilot. Most of the immigration workforce comes from the economic class itself, and its target will be nearly 10,000 immigrants each year.
When compared to 2019, the federal government is going to increase the PNP target by an additional 20% in 2022. Canada will also welcome immigrants under various pilot programs. The country aims to welcome 5200 people under pilots like the Agri-Food Immigration Pilot and the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot. By 2022, it may double the immigrants’ number through these pilot programs.
Even though AIP is all set to become a permanent fixture, the target of it is still stable at 5000.
For 2021 and 2022, Quebec’s plan is yet to be determined as the government is consulting Quebec, regarding the significant reform programs the province is currently taking up for immigration.
Additionally, 26% will be coming under family class visas. The remaining 16% will come under compassionate and humanitarian grounds.
Canada’s Immigration Levels: Then and Now:
Canada’s immigration levels are currently on a historic high range. Canada welcomed 300,000 immigrants or more for only 5 times since it was founded in 1867. Canada’s per-capita levels are also high as the country is welcoming 0.9% of its population through immigrants. If we compare, the US has welcomed a million immigrants annually on average in recent times. But they comprise only 0.3% of its population.
Canada’s current per capita intake is not the highest in its history. In the decades before the first World War, Canada welcomed 1% of its population through immigration at the least. At one point, Canada had invited 401,000 immigrants, which was 5.3% of its population. In today’s terms, it would mean 2 million immigrants.
Canada is striving to get more immigrants to manage the high living standards of the country. The workforce is getting reduced as the population is aging, and the economy has to bear more stress due to increasing people seeking health care. Giving quality health care to its people will become even more expensive. In such a scenario, immigrants will help improve the quality of the workforce and gives Canada a good supply of workers to strengthen their economy.
The latest announcement will be a part of a longer trend that will see to the boost of immigration levels in Canada and break the 400,000-immigrants threshold. The country has decided on welcoming around 3.5 million immigrants in this decade as the immigrants' number in 2010-2019 was 2.8 million.
However, the economic and demographic factors are just one of the 6 key aspects that will contribute to shaping the immigration levels of Canada.
By November, The federal government will declare its next immigration-levels plan, which may have its target for the number of immigrants in 2023.
2020-2022 Immigration Levels Plan
Sources: IRCC; Statistics Canada; cicnews.com