The PR Candidates selected through CEC and PNP have more chances in the Canadian labour market than the ones who got their permanent resident status under FSWP (Federal Skilled Worker Program) and QSWP (Quebec Skilled Worker Program).
This is concluded according to a study conducted by IRCC along with Statistics Canada.
Statistics Canada, on August 18th, published two new surveys. The first one said the above conclusion. The second one explored how much the experience in Canada and pre-arranged job offer can tell about the Labour market needs of the immigrants.
Why are PNP and CEC candidates given more chances?
The reason might be that people with experience and PNP candidates are likely temporary workers before becoming permanent residents.
With temporary work experience, the candidates would have gained insight into the labour market of the country. Also, most of the temporary workers are students who got a PGWP (Post-Graduate Work Permit) from Canada. If so, these people would be living in Canada for many years before becoming permanent residents. This would mean that they will have the ability to catch the eyes of the Canadian employers as they know what the employers will be looking for. Another reason is that due to their presence in Canada for a longer time, their language skills would be good.
This indirectly says that getting educated in Canada would be beneficial for numerous reasons, which include a good degree, getting experience of living and working in Canada, and also having a higher number of opportunities after getting PR.
The study also demonstrates that 2/3rds of the permanent residents chosen through PNP were from the category of the temporary workers, whereas all the candidates of CEC are temporary workers.
In FSWP and QSWP, only a quarter of the people selected are from the temporary workers in Canada.
The experience of living and working in Canada is becoming important for migration. Another survey said that this experience indicates that the candidates can easily integrate into the labour market of Canada.
Nearly 93% of the PNP immigrants and 95% of the CEC immigrants got employed in the first year after gaining permanent residence.
It is 80% for the FSWP candidates.
The CEC and PNP candidates have work experience in Canada and therefore they are earning more than the FSWP immigration candidates, that too in their first years after gaining their PR status.
CEC immigration candidates earn more than 56% of what FSWP immigrants earn in the first year of becoming permanent residents. After 5 years of gaining the PR status, the CEC candidates earn 30% more than the FSWP candidates.
PNP immigrants also earn higher than the FSWP immigrants in the first year. But they earn lower amounts by the 5th year than the FSWP immigrants.
The reason for this could be that the PNP immigrants are mostly selected for medium and low skilled jobs. These jobs will have lesser earning capacities in the longer run.
It is a very crucial fact that the FSWP candidates earn well in Canada. According to previous research, they integrate into the community pretty quickly.
The FSWP candidates have important qualities that would assist them in succeeding in Canada. The qualities include education, language, quality, etc.
The study also states about the economic-class immigrants between 2009 and 2016.
After the introduction of Express Entry in 2015, the labour market data is not as great as the previous years, but we can see that the FSWP candidates have great economic outcomes as Express Entry selected the best candidates than the previous immigration methods.
Outcomes of Labour Market in Canadian Work Experience Vs. Pre-Arranged Employment
The second part of the study stated that Canadian work experience could predict the labour market outcomes better than pre-arranged jobs.
Immigrants with Canadian experience have 8% better chance than those without.
In the first two years after becoming Permanent Residents, immigrants with pre-arranged jobs did 15% well than the immigrants with no arranged job offer.
This explains why people with pre-arranged jobs are given an extra 50 to 200 points in the CRS score. The score depends on the seniority of the position offered. Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is the system used by the Express Entry to give points to the FSWP, PNP, FSTP, and CEC candidates.
Also, people who were working before getting PR nearly earn double the amount of what the people who directly got PR earns.
The survey also states that an arranged job offer tends to give the candidate more wages.
Labour market outcomes were indicated by both the Canadian work experience and pre-arranged employment.
Economic immigration programs of Canada
The federal government uses Express Entry as the main system to manage PR applications under three major economic immigration programs:
1. FSWP—Federal Skilled Worker Program
2. FSTP-- Federal Skilled Trades Program
3. CEC—Canadian Experience Class
4. PNP—Provincial Nominee Program (aligned to Express Entry)
The candidates who apply under the above programs are given CRS scores. The score is given based on work experience, age, education, language proficiency, etc. In regular draws, IRCC selects eligible candidates to issue invitations to apply for Canada PR.