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Australian Immigration: A Complete Guide

This article will tell you about various types of Australian Visas that can help you to immigrate to this gracious island nation.

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There are several reasons people visit Australia. It offers plenty of opportunities for all. Australia is an open and multicultural country that is a chosen land for immigrants in today’s world.

Read on to know all about the types of visas you can choose from, including the most popular types, eligibility, documentation, procedure, costs, and processing time.

3 Easy Ways to Migrate to Australia

Thousands of Indians Get Australia PR Annually

Types of Visas to Migrate to Australia

Skilled Visa

Skilled Independent Visa Skilled Sponsored Visas Temporary Work Visas Visitor Visas

Temporary Skill Shortage Visa (Subclass 482)
Working Holiday Visa Subclass 417 and Subclass 462 Australian Student Visas  Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional) Visa Subclass 191
Graduate Visa Point Tested Stream Skilled Nominated Visa (subclass 190) Temporary Work (Short Stay Specialist) visa (subclass 400) Visitor Visa (Subclass 600) Australian Work and Holiday Visa (Subclass 462) First Work and Holiday Visa Student Visa (Subclass 500) Subclass 189
Temporary Graduate Visa New Zealand Stream Skilled Regional (Provisional) Visa (subclass 489) Temporary Work (Long Stay Activity) visa (subclass 401) Electronic Travel Authority (Subclass 601) First Working Holiday Visa Second Work and Holiday Visa Student Guardian Visa (Subclass 590) Subclass 190
Graduate Work Stream   Skilled Regional Visa (subclass 887) Training and Research visa (subclass 402) Medical Treatment Visa (Subclass 602) Second Working Holiday Visa     Subclass 486
Post- Study Workstream   Employer-Sponsored Regional (Provisional) Visa (Subclass 494 Skilled) Temporary Work (Entertainment) visa (subclass 420) eVisitor (Subclass 651) Third Working Holiday Visa      
Skilled Recognition Graduate Visa   Skilled Work Regional Visa (Subclass 491)            


Australian Skilled Visas

Graduate Visas, There are two types of Graduate Visas:

  • Temporary Graduate Visa (Subclass 485)
  • Skilled Recognition Graduate Visa (Subclass 476)

Temporary Graduate Visa (Subclass 485)

The Temporary Graduate Visa (Subclass 485) is designed for international students. This visa allows them to live and work in Australia temporarily. This can be done after finishing their studies in Australia. 

This visa allows you to:

  • Stay and work in Australia without any restrictions
  • No travel restriction to and from Australia
  • Bring family members as dependents
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Skilled Recognition Graduate Visa (Subclass 476)

This temporary visa lets recent engineering graduates study. They can work and live in Australia for a maximum period of 18 months.

This visa can be applied from within or outside of Australia.

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Australian Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189)

This is a points-based visa for skilled workers whom Australia needs to work and live permanently anywhere in the country.

You can apply for this visa only when you get an invitation.

Related FAQs

Australia Skilled Immigration Points Calculator

Australia follows a points-based system to assess the eligibility of a person for migrating to Australia as a skilled worker looking for Permanent Residence. For applying for Australia PR in 2024, you need 65 points under Skill Select for subclass 189 and subclass 190.

For a quick evaluation of your chances for immigration to Australia, use the points calculator below:

Australia Points Calculator

Calculate your Australia PR Points here: 

Skilled Sponsored Visas to Australia

Skilled Sponsored Visas are meant for skilled immigrant workers who wish to work and settle in Australia permanently.

There are three types of Skilled Sponsored Visas :

  1. Skilled Nominated Visa (subclass 190)
  2. Skilled Regional (Provisional) Visa (subclass 489)
  3. Skilled Regional Visa (subclass 887)
  4. Employer-Sponsored Regional (Provisional) Visa (Subclass 494 Skilled)
  5. Skilled Work Regional Visa (Subclass 491)

Skilled Nominated Visa (Subclass 190)

This is a points-tested permanent visa for skilled workers. Applications, nominated by an Australian State or Territorial government, are only eligible to obtain this visa.

With this visa, you can:

  • stay in Australia permanently
  • work and study in Australia
  • enrol in Australia's public health care scheme, Medicare
  • sponsor your relatives to come to Australia
  • travel to and from Australia for 5 years
  • if eligible, become an Australian citizen
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Skilled Regional (Provisional) Visa (Subclass 489)

This temporary visa has been curated for suitably skilled migrants. It is a sponsored visa and allows you to live and work in specified regions or Low Population Growth Areas of Australia for up to 4 years. 

Subclass 489 visa allows 3 pathways and they are:

  • Invited Pathway
  • Extended Stay Pathway
  • Subsequent Entry Pathway
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Skilled Regional Visa (Subclass 887)

This is a second stage permanent visa without any requirement of points. It allows temporary Skilled Regional visa holders to apply for permanent residency in Australia.

The visa holders must have worked and stayed in a specified regional area of Australia.

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Skilled Employer Sponsored Regional (Provisional) Visa (Subclass 494 Skilled)

This skilled worker visa category allows regional employers to sponsor skilled workers when they can’t source suitably skilled Australian workers. This visa route helps regional Australian employers to address the skilled labour shortage problem.

Skilled Employer Sponsored Regional (Provisional) visa supports three different pathways :

  1. Employer Sponsored Stream (for workers sponsored by regional employers)
  2. Labour Agreement Stream (for employer nominated skilled workers with labour agreement)
  3. Subsequent Entrant (for family members of subclass 494 visa holders)
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Australian Skilled Work Regional Visa (Subclass 491)

This visa is designed for skilled workers who have received a nomination from a state or territorial Australian Government. It allows them to work in designated regional areas for up to 5 years.

Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) Visa allows two pathways to enter Australia:

  • Main Applicant Pathway: It is for skilled workers who are willing to work and live in regional Australia.
  • Subsequent Entrant Pathway: This is for family members of main subclass 491 visa-holders.
Related FAQs

Temporary Work Visas for Australia

Here are the most sought-after Temporary Work Visas for Australia:

  1. Temporary Work (Short Stay Specialist) Visa (Subclass 400)
  2. Temporary Work (Long Stay Activity) Visa (Subclass 401)
  3. Training and Research Visa (Subclass 402)
  4. Temporary Work (Entertainment) Visa (Subclass 420)

Let’s explore the details of each of these above-mentioned visa categories.

Temporary Work (Short Stay Specialist) Visa (Subclass 400)

The subclass 400 visa category is a part of Australia’s Highly Specialized Workstream. This temporary visa permits you to do short-term “highly specialized” jobs in Australia.

It is suitable for people who have specialized skills, knowledge, or experience not easily available in Australia.

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Temporary Work (Long Stay Activity) Visa (Subclass 401)

Temporary Work (Long Stay Activity) visa (subclass 401) has been replaced by Temporary Activity (Subclass 408) visa. Subclass 408 is another temporary work visa.

It allows applicants to come to Australia and take part in activities endorsed by the Australian Government.

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Training & Research Visa (Subclass 402)

The 402 visa is not a work visa. But it allows an individual to be sponsored and come to Australia for training, development or research purposes on a temporary basis.

This visa features 3 streams:

  • Occupational Trainee Stream: It is for a person who requires workplace-based training for registration or to improve their skills in their current occupation or in the area of study.
  • Professional Development Stream: This is for a professional, manager or government official who is willing to enhance their professional skills. This visa stream allows them to participate in a professional development program.
  • Research Stream: This stream was curated for academics who are willing to observe or participate in research projects at an Australian research institution.
Related FAQs

Temporary Work (Entertainment) Visa (Subclass 420)

The Temporary Work (Entertainment) visa allows you to work in the entertainment industry in Australia. This visa incorporates sectors like film, television, live productions. The applicant can be a performer or on a behind-the-scenes role like direction and production.

Temporary Work (Entertainment) Subclass 420 visa is now closed. Temporary Activity Visa (Subclass 408) is the new replacement.

Related FAQs

Visitor Visas for Australia

The primary visas granted to visitors to Australia are:

  1. Visitor Visa (Subclass 600)
  2. Electronic Travel Authority (Subclass 601)
  3. Medical Treatment Visa (Subclass 602)
  4. eVisitor (Subclass 651)

Now we are going to take a look at these visas separately for a better understanding of each category.

Visitor (Subclass 600) Visa

Subclass 600 is the most sought-after Australian Visitor Visa. This visa lets you visit Australia for tourism or business activities. Tourism includes holidays, recreation and visiting family or friends in Australia.

Business visitor activities may include attending a conference, negotiation or an exploratory business visit.

Related FAQs

Electronic Travel Authority (Subclass 601) or ETA

The Electronic Travel Authority (subclass 601) is an electronic travel visa. This visa is linked to an applicant’s passport and it is meant only for tourism and business visit purposes.

The Tourist Electronic Travel visa is suitable for those candidates who are looking for holidays and recreational activities or visiting family/friends in Australia.

The Business Electronic Travel visa allows applicants to visit Australia for business purposes only. This includes activities like conferences, trade fairs or seminars, employment inquiries, negotiating deals, performing business contracts and business visits.

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Medical Treatment Visa (Subclass 602)

This temporary visa is for people who travel to Australia for medical treatment or to support someone (the main visa applicant/holder) who needs medical treatment.

It is also for people who are visiting Australia to donate an organ.

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 eVisitor (Subclass 651)

The eVisitor Subclass 651 visa is a free visa that allows individuals to visit Australia for business visitor purposes. This visa is valid for 12 months and you can stay in Australia for up to 3 months at a time.

To apply for an eVisitor visa, you must hold a passport from one of the eligible countries.

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Temporary Skill Shortage Visa (Subclass 482) for Australia

Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) Subclass 482 visa allows employers to sponsor skilled workers when they cannot find a suitable skilled Australian.

This visa was designed to address temporary skill shortage problems without hampering the interests of Australian skilled workers.

Related FAQs

Australian Working Holiday Visas

Two main categories of working holiday visas are:

  • Working Holiday Visa (Subclass 417)
  • Work and Holiday Visa (Subclass 462)

Now, we are going to discuss each of these categories in detail.

Working Holiday Visa (Subclass 417)

This visa has been designed for young people who want an extended holiday and work to support that in Australia.

With subclass 417, a visa-holder can:

  • Stay in Australia for up to 12 months
  • Work in Australia. No employment can be more than six months of duration
  • Study for up to 4 months
  • Travel to and from Australia any number of times while the visa is valid
Related FAQs

Work & Holiday Visa (Subclass 462)

The Work and Holiday Subclass 462 visa is meant for certain tourists who are aged between 18 and 30 years (inclusive) and willing to have an extended holiday in Australia. Such tourists are also interested in funding their holidays through short-term work.

With a Subclass 462 visa, you have:

  • Scope to have an extended holiday of 1 year
  • Allowed to do any kind of job during the stay in Australia

As per the Covid-19 update, subclass 462 visa holders can be granted Second or Third Work and Holiday Visa after completing 3 months of ‘specified work’ anywhere in Australia after 31 January 2020.

Related FAQs

Australian Student Visas

There are two types of Student Visas for immigration to Australia:

  • Student Visa (Subclass 500)
  • Student Guardian Visa (Subclass 590)

Student Visa (Subclass 500)

The Student Visa (Subclass 500) is a temporary visa designed exclusively for foreign students who want to pursue their studies in Australia.

Related FAQs

Student Guardian Visa (Subclass 590)

The Student Guardian Visa (Subclass 590) is applicable to a guardian or a relative of the Student Visa (Subclass 500) holder who is less than 18 years old.

It is a temporary visa.

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Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional) Visa Subclass 191

The Australian immigration department is going to introduce a new visa on 16 November 2022.

This is the Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional) Visa Subclass 191.

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How Can Kansas Overseas Careers Help?

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