A Simple Guide To Understand Canada CRS Points (+ Free CRS Calculator)
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score is one of the most important factors to obtain a Canadian Permanent Resident visa in 2020.
Besides the visa success, the processing time of Canada's permanent resident application is based on the total CRS points you are able to score.
What is your CRS score?
The below CRS calculator will help you calculate your score based on different factors of your profile.
What is the Comprehensive Ranking System?
CRS is a point-based system introduced by Canada immigration authorities. This program was created in 2015 to choose the best applicants globally.
The selected candidates’ PR visa is then processed in the shortest time under the Express Entry Program.
How are CRS points calculated?
The Comprehensive Ranking System includes 4 essential areas of the applicant’s profile to calculate the points.
The more points you score in the Comprehensive Ranking System, the higher the chances you have to obtain permanent residency of Canada.
How the points are assigned for CRS calculation?
The below factors are considered to assign points for CRS score:
- Core Human Factors (your age, education, experience, etc. will be considered)
- Skill Transferability Factors (Canadian work experience or foreign work experience, language ability, etc.)
- Spouse Factor (Spouse Education, work experience, etc)
- Additional Points (Canadian job offer, provincial nomination, etc.)
How can you increase your CRS points in Canada?
- Check your current CRS score: Our online CRS calculator will help you with this.
Apply for PNPs: You need to apply for Provincial Nominee Programs during filling the Express entry application.
You can also apply for PNP separately without lodging the application for the Express Entry.
- Increase Points on Language Skills.
- Getting a job or employment offer from any Canadian province.
Our details guide below will help you understand how to increase your points and help you with immigration to Canada.
What is the cut off score for CRS?
To get an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canada PR, you need to get points more than or equal to CRS cut off.
The CRS cut off is the minimum number of points, a candidate has to score, to get an ITA. Based on the latest express entry draw, the cut-off score is 473.
How long does it take to get permanent residency in Canada?
The processing times depend on the number of points you score under CRS. For a candidate who scores over 460 points, the processing time is expected to be around 6months.
Whereas the candidates who score 300-400 points need to wait for a longer time. The best way to process the application in the shortest way is by applying for the PNP of Canada.
What effect does your CRS score have on your permanent residency application?
Scoring 67 points under the FSW point system alone is not sufficient in 2020. Since 2015, Canada has introduced the Express Entry.
Under this program, you need also to score good points under the Comprehensive Ranking System.
Applicants who tend to score 450+ tends to get a permanent residency of Canada in 8-10months times.
Many people believe that CRS Points and 67 points-based systems (FSW) are the same. However, these both differ from each other in many aspects
How to gain permanent residency in Canada?
To qualify for the Canadian PR visa you need to meet 2 important factors:
- You need to score 67 points
- Your work experience should be in the demand list of Canada.
If you meet the above requirements, you can create the Express Entry Profile.
A Guide to Canada’s Express Entry System
The Express Entry System by the Canadian Immigration offers eligible candidates with about 60 different programs to migrate to Canada.
The Express Entry System is one of the most opted and applied one by Indians in 2020 to migrate to Canada.
Unlike the H1B visa (lottery system) of the USA, the Express Entry program of Canada a transparent electronic program through which skilled immigrants can apply to migrate to Canada to work solely based on skills and points.
Points are allotted for different eligibility factors and you need to score a minimum number of 67 points to be eligible for the Express Entry Program.
Once you have the required score (67 points) and are eligible to apply under the Express Entry profile, you also need to score points under the CRS or the Comprehensive Ranking System.
Doing so will make you eligible to get the Invitation for the PR visa of Canada.
How expensive is it to apply for permanent residency in Canada?
Canada provides many possible ways for a professional to come and settle as residents.
Also, the visa processing of Canada is considered to be the best one among many countries. The fee structure is well-defined and designed in a way that makes immigration a budget-friendly investment.
There are several stages where you have to mandatorily pay a fixed amount under immigration cost.
Generally, the visa cost or the visa price depends on factors such as the number of family members accompanying, accommodation, the type of visa chosen, etc.
The various aspects for the Canada PR include a medical examination, visa application fees, IELTS Test fees, etc.
The visa fee of Canada can be divided into two parts, i.e.
1st Part: The fund requirements to create Express Entry profile in the Express Entry or any program relating to Canada PR.
2nd Part: The fund requirements after obtaining the Invitation to Apply for Canada PR application.
The total cost for the Residence visa per applicant is 1040 Canadian dollars. The breakdown of the cost is as follows:
- For a primary applicant, the cost for Educational Credential Assessment is 285 Canadian Dollars (14,973 Indian Rupees); right to PR is 490 Canadian Dollars (25,745 Indian Rupees), and the fees for Final Visa Application is 550 Canadian Dollars (28,894 Indian Rupees).
- For a secondary applicant or spouse, the cost for Educational Credential Assessment is 285 Canadian Dollars (14,973 Indian Rupees); right to PR is 490 Canadian Dollars (25,745 Indian Rupees), and the fees for Final Visa Application is 550 Canadian Dollars (28,894 Indian Rupees).
- For an accompanying dependent child, the right to PR fee is 150 Canadian dollars (7,880 Indian Rupees).
What do you need to apply for Express Entry to Canada?
Express Entry is one of the best pathways for obtaining a Canada permanent residency.
Skilled Professionals have obtained great support for their career with the Express Entry even without applying for a work permit.
The important aspect to get considered for the Canada Express Entry is to meet the set eligibility requirements.
You need to score a minimum of 67 points on the Express Entry calculator in order to qualify for a PR visa under the Express Entry System.
These points are calculated on various core human factors which include your age, work experience, education, language skills, adaptability, etc.
The maximum points you can obtain for these factors are as follows:
|Age||Maximum 12 points|
|Education||Maximum 25 points|
|Language Proficiency||Maximum 24 points (English and/or French)|
|Work Experience||Work Experience|
|Adaptability||Maximum of 10 points|
|Arranged employment||Additional 10 points (not mandatory).|
If your profile is able to score 67 points, then you are considered to be eligible for applying Canada PR through the Express Entry system.
After this step, you are required to choose the right immigration program for your profile based on your profile traits: You can apply for any of the following programs:
- Federal Skilled Trades Program
- Federal Skilled Workers Program
- Canadian Experience Class
- Provincial Nominee Program
Please note: Canada doesn’t the program of green card like the USA.
How is Express Entry to Canada different from other types of immigration?
Canada is serving as the best platform for many professionals from all over the world.
The country is offering ample opportunities for them to live and work.
Express Entry is a popular stream of Canada that is supporting the dreams of professionals to obtain permanent residency.
The system was introduced in 2015 as an alternative to the initial immigration system which had several loopholes.
Since its introduction, it has been a great introduction to manage federal immigration programs.
You need to obtain a minimum of 67 points to be eligible for Express Entry system.
Apart from the Express Entry, there are even other pathways for Canada PR, such as:
Provincial Nominee Programs:
Canada’s provinces and territories (excluding Quebec) are their own immigration programs known as Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), that are often linked with Express Entry.
To meet the requirements of the province, provincial governments nominate candidates matching their needs.
If you apply for a PNP that is linked with Express Entry and meet all the criteria that the province is looking for in its permanent residents, you get a nomination and can received up to 600 CRS. This helps the candidates in obtaining an ITA faster.
However, in several aspects the processing time may vary according to the province’s need and your profile’s eligibility.
Though Quebec is also a province of Canada, it follows its own immigration rules and operates a solo immigration system.
Hence, candidates who are willing to settle in Quebec, they are required to apply for the Quebec immigration program under the Quebec immigration law.
Candidates who have international experience can apply for the PR under the Quebec Experience Class and businessmen or investors can migrate through any Quebec immigration programs.
The visa processing time of Quebec immigration program generally ranges between 15 to 17 months.
Canadian Family Sponsorship:
This is one of the easiest ways to migrate to Canada if you have your blood-relative living in Canada.
If your relative is living in Canada as a permanent resident or as a citizen, then they can sponsor you for obtaining Canada permanent resident.
Among the above, Express Entry can be the best one, as it can lead you with many benefits such as:
- The time period for processing applications is faster.
- The system is electronic, so there is no point of discrimination.
- You can settle in any part of Canada.
- There may be a reduced Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) Score. Hence there are most chances to get an ITA more comfortable.
How are the points awarded in Canada CRS for express entry 2020?
Points are awarded in Canada CRS for Express Entry 2020 based on several factors.
However, points are awarded based on two main categories- when you’re moving with your spouse or common-law partner, or without them.
The 4 main key factors for the Canada CRS points are:
- Human capital factors
- Spouse or common-law partner factors
- Skill transferability factors (work permit)
- Other bonus points
If you’re moving to Canada without a spouse or a common-law partner, you will be awarded with points in the following manner.
|1||Core human capital||500|
|5||Study experience in Canada||30|
|6||Sibling residing in Canada holding permanent resident card||15|
In case you are moving to Canada along with your spouse of a common-law partner, these are the maximum points that would be awarded to you.
|1||Core human capital||460|
|5||Study experience in Canada||30|
|6||Sibling residing in Canada holding permanent resident card||15|
What does the CRS calculator measure?
CRS consider 4 different factors to allot points your profile. Below is each factor that will be considered.
Below is the breakdown of how points are allotted for each factor.
1. Human capital factors:
|Education level||With Spouse||140|
|Language proficiency||With Spouse||150|
|Canadian working experience||With Spouse||70|
2. Spouse or common-law partner factors:
|Canadian work experience||10|
3. Skill transferability factors:
|Education||Good proficiency in official language along with post-secondary school||50|
|Work experience in Canada along with post-secondary degree||50|
|Foreign work experience||Good proficiency in official language along with foreign working experience||50|
|Canada work experience and foreign work experience||50|
|Qualification certificate for trade occupations||Qualification certification along with a strong proficiency in the official language||50|
4. Bonus points:
|Canadian post-secondary education||30|
|Arranged employment (Job offer)||200|
|Proficiency in the French language||30|
|Sibling residing in Canada||15|
How are the CRS points calculated?
The Citizenship and Immigration Canada has introduced the Comprehensive Ranking System to calculate the cumulative points that are scored by skilled migrants based on various credentials.
When you meet the necessary eligibility criteria, you are eligible to enter the Express Entry pool. And once your profile is selected, you receive an Invitation to Apply for the Canadian Permanent residence.
A tool called the CRS points calculator allows you to calculate your points for the Canadian Express Entry under the Federal skilled worker’s Program of the Canada government.
The candidate scoring the maximum number of points is allowed to enter the Express Entry pool and a draw is conducted after every few intervals throughout the year.
If your profile gets selected, you are eligible to get an Invitation from the government of Canada to get the status for permanent residency.
There are different components under which the CRS points are calculated for Canadian Immigration under the Express Entry program. These factors are:
- Core human capital factors: 460 maximum points
- Common-law partner or accompanying spouse factors: 40 maximum points
- Candidate possessing a valid job offer: 200 maximum points
- Other additional points that are related to Provincial Nomination Program or Canadian work experience, any other related offers from the employment: 600 maximum points
In total, 1200 points are available to the candidates for the Express Entry Program. The CRS points calculator will help you calculate these points.
However, if you wish for a personalized CRS report, contact our immigration consultant and get help in calculating your score.
What factors affect your CRS score?
Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score is a ranking that helps immigration authorities find an eligible skilled professional for Canada Permanent Residency.
The Express Entry system majorly uses the CRS score for validating the profiles of candidates whose applications they receive each year for Canada permanent residency.
The score has a very crucial role played in selecting candidates. The profiles with the highest CRS score have the most chances to receive an Invitation to Apply faster.
A Guide to increase your CRS points in 2020
Provincial Nominee Program:
Don’t be disappointed if you don’t receive an Invitation to Apply for the Canada PR fast. The provincial nomination is a quick pathway to get an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residence visa.
By applying for the permanent resident status by through the Provincial Nominee Program or PNP, potential candidates and skilled workers get a direct entry into the province and contribute in the overall economy of that state as a permanent resident.
This will make it easier for you to apply for the Canadian permanent visa and also benefit the skilled labour market of that particular province and enhance their economy.
There are different PNPs and each of them has a relatively flexible application process and requirements, unlike the Federal Immigration System.
The PNP Express Entry Stream is one of the most popular amongst various skilled immigrants possessing the minimum skill level.
If you apply for a PNP of a selected province and get selected via the Express Entry Stream (when you are in Express Entry Pool), you are eligible to get nominated to apply for the Canadian permanent resident visa.
You must keep in mind that the occupation you are willing to undertake in that province is listed in the NOC or National Occupational Classification of that particular province.
The only thing you need to do is create an account and register your profile in the stream of Federal Skilled Worker for permanent resident status under any of the following Express Entry System categories:
- Federal skilled worker (permanent resident visa)
- Federal Skilled Trades
- Canadian Experience Class
Enhance your English skills. If you feel you didn’t score enough bands in IELTS that checks for your English language proficiency, you can appear for the test again and increase your score, and further increase your points.
Also, you can try to showcase your French skills since having a good proficiency in the French language can fetch you extra points.
You can receive15 points additionally if you have a spouse or a sibling who has Canada permanent residency or holds a permanent resident card.
Employment in Canada:
Getting a job or employment offer from any Canadian province isn’t much of a compulsion now, but in case you get an offer, it will provide you with bonus points.
It is also possible for you to increase your points if you enhance your educational qualifications. For example, if you have just graduated and had a bachelor’s degree, you can opt for a master’s degree and even a doctorate.
This will make a lot of difference in the addition of your points and to get the permanent resident status.
You can also gain more work experience because when this experience is counted on your application, you can earn extra CRS points.
Increasing CRS can be easy when you get the right guidance about the ways to do it.
An expert counselling from a Canada immigration consultant will help you understand your profile, your CRS score and the challenges of your profile (if any).
You will be guided with a detailed evaluation report which thereby helps you understand where and how you need point’s improvement.
Get in touch with our immigration consultant online or visit us today!
How CRS works?
The function of the CRS system to identify candidates who are most likely to get selected among many skilled applicants who apply for Canada immigration each annually.
In this process, an applicant has to register online and fill every information related to his profiled.
The automated process is designed to calculate the points of the applicant based on the above mentioned factors. One who scores the highest is invited to the last stage of the process.
1. What is Express Entry to Canada?
Canada Express Entry is designed by Canadian government to invite people from all across the world to get permanent residencies in their country.
Canada introduced this system to fulfill its shortage in various professions.
The Express entry not only helps aspirants all across the globe to get to Canada as permanent residents but also helps Canada to get professionals to overcome its workers' shortage.
Canada Express Entry makes the dreams of many PR aspirants come true. To put it in simpler words, Express Entry is the best way to get to Canada as a permanent resident.
There are four programs under the Canada Express Entry path. Based on your eligibility and requirements, you can choose which program is beneficial to you the most.
The below are the 4 types of programs under Express Entry:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program
- Federal Skilled Trades Program
- Canadian Experience Class
- Provincial Nominee Program
Different programs under Canada Express Entry:
1. Federal Skilled Worker Program:
Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program can be termed as the best program to enter Canada. Canada is offering FSW visas to eligible skilled people who want to move to Canada permanently.
In order to get to Canada under this program, you need to fulfill all the eligibility criteria given by the Canadian authorities and should have skill and experience in occupation from the list of occupations given by Canada authorities.
2. Federal Skilled Trades Program:
This visa allows persons with experience and skill in trade and commerce to migrate to Canada. People with good knowledge of the business can opt for this visa. You cannot go to Quebec on this visa.
To get this visa, you should have 5 years' experience in your relevant field and among those years, should have a full time working experience of 2 years.
The candidate must meet all the requirements mentioned in the NOC to get the Federal Skilled Trades Program.
3. Canadian Experience Class:
If you have previous experience of working in Canada, then you can go to Canada under this visa as a PR. In the past three years, you must have at least 12 months of full-time experience in the mentioned occupation.
You must fulfill the language requirements of Canada, i.e. you have to be proficient in either French or English. This visa doesn’t allow you to settle in Quebec.
4. Provincial Nominee Program:
In Canada, the states or provinces are allowed to take care of their vacancies independently. Hence, provinces in Canada select candidates based on their requirements and sponsor them under their province.
With this program, you will be able to migrate to only the state, which sponsored you for at least 2 years. Then you can move to other states. This is also widely considered as a good method to migrate to Canada.
More about Express Entry:
- You need to have skill and experience in at least one of the professions mentioned in the occupation list of Canadian immigration to get PR under Express Entry.
- The Express Entry draw is conducted twice or thrice in a month.
- The authorities will award you points, based on your abilities like age, education, experience, job offers, etc.
- They will give you an Invitation to Apply (ITA) if you get enough points above the mentioned cut off.
- They call this system as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
- The score in the CRS determines whether you will get an ITA or not.
- Once you get this ITA, you can apply and migrate to Canada.
After introducing the Express Entry, many Canadian PR aspirants started using it and started going to Canada in larger numbers than before. This is a win-win move, as the people will get to move to Canada and the Canadian economy can fill its vacant positions.
2. How do you apply for permanent residency in Canada?
Foreign skilled workers can settle in Canada as a permanent resident. To get the PR status the applicant need to apply through Express Entry system. Express Entry is an easy and convenient way to get PR.
Express Entry is a point based online portal for handling all applications. You can get in Express Entry through PNPs, FSW, FST, and QSWP.
From India a person applying for Canada PR needs the below documents:
- Proof of Funds
- Education Credential Assessment (ECA) report
- Language Assessment report (English and French)
- Work Experience Documents
- Canadian Job Offer Documents
Begin your PR Process
10 simple steps can do application for Canadian permanent residency:
Step 1: Complete Education Credential Assessment (ECA)
ECA is to find out if your foreign degree is valid and equal to the degree in Canada.
Step 2: Language proficiency
You must prove your skills in English (mandatory) and French (optional). They require you to get higher Canadian Benchmark Levels to get a high CRS score.
Step 3: Create an Express Entry profile
Once you receive your ECA, report and English Test report forms you have to create a profile in Express Entry and enter the pool.
You will get the CRS score at the end of application. You can also edit and update your application whenever you want.
Step 4: Expression of Interest (EOI) for Provincial Nomination (optional)
You can apply for a province for nomination. Before that, you have to meet the requirements of that province. After which you need to verify the proofs of the requirements.
Upon approval the province will give you a nomination certificate. You can then edit your express entry with the nomination details.
Step 5: Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA)
Canadian government invite eligible candidate from the pool by conducting Rounds of Invitations (ROI). ROI happens 2 to 3 times a month.
When you receive the invitation, you have 60 days to submit the list of documents required.
Step 6: Medical Test and Police Clearance Certificate (PCC)
Go through complete medical check-up from the Canadian Government list of physicians
You should also get a character certificate from your local police station and also from the country(s) where you have lived for 6 months or more.
Step 7: Submit Documents
The primary and dependent applicants should submit the following documents:
- ECA report
- Language test report
- Provincial Nominee Certificate (if any)
- Medical report
- Police Clearance Certificate
- LMIA of Job offer (if any)
- Previous Work Experience Letters
- Proof of funds
You have to pay the application fee and Right of Permanent Residence Fee (RPRF) together at this step.
Step 8: Review of application
In this step, they do the review for your application. The immigration department does a thorough background check for all the factors. Immigration officer may ask you to submit any additional documents
Step 9: Confirmation of Permanent Residence (CoPR)
Once confirmation of your PR status for Canada, the department will send Confirmation of Permanent Residence (CoPR) document
Step 10: Application of PR card
You are now eligible for travel to Canada before the CoPR expiry date. After reaching Canada at the port of entry, it requires you to apply for your Permanent Resident Card (PR Card).
The immigration department will deliver PR card to you in 22 days With this card, you can travel in and out of Canada.
The PR card is valid for 5 years and after which you can renew for a new card. You can also apply for citizenship instead of renewing your PR card.
Other Popular Topics
1. Canada Point System
Canada point system is the selection factors to know the applicant’s eligibility for the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP). They are six selection factors of a total of 100 points. If you score 67 or more out of 100, then you are eligible for FSWP.
2. How many points are required for Canada PR?
The point’s requirements for getting Canada PR are 67 or more selection factor points and 460+ Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) Scores. These points are necessary to help you get Canada PR under the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) by Express Entry.
3. Canada immigration eligibility points
Minimum eligibility points for immigrating to Canada are 67out of 100 points. Getting 67 or more points qualifies you to get into Express Entry Pool under Federal Skilled Worker Program.
4. What is the minimum score for Canada PR
The minimum score required for getting Canada PR is 67 points under FSW program and 460+ in Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score. Spouse’s language skills and education
5. How can you get 67 points for Canadian PR?
To get 67 points for Canada PR, you need to calculate it on the six selection factors. Each factor given with maximum points based on the criteria and situations.
The criteria can be the age factor, language skills, education, and experience. The situation can be the arranged employment, and adaptability of you and your spouse.
If you meet all these factors and get 67 or more points, you will qualify for FSWP. For details, breakdowns on the six selection factor click here.