All about PR in Canada, application process, calculating visa points, and benefits of being a permanent resident of Canada.
Canada is a top-spot for immigrants all around the world. The high quality of life, excellent career prospects, and a safe environment make it an ideal place to live and work.
The maple country is inviting immigrants to move there through the many immigration programs, and getting a PR in Canada is much sought-after today. Read on to know more about immigrating to Canada.
What does a Canada PR mean?
Canada Permanent Residency is the most sought after visa category for skilled professionals in India and abroad. It is a 5 year-multiple-entry visa that provides skilled foreign workers an opportunity to work and settle in Canada. After 3 years of stay and work on the PR card, you can change the Canadian PR status to Canadian citizenship.
What are the eligibility criteria for Canada Immigration?
There are over 60 different Canada immigration programs offered by the government to welcome skilled and qualified people. Each program has different minimum requirements and eligibility criteria. To know if you can apply for Canadian permanent residence, you must check the eligibility requirements.
Here are some parameters that decide your eligibility for Canada PR visa:
- English Language Proficiency
- Work Experience
There is no specified age limit when it comes to getting permanent residence in Canada. The different programs, however, may give preference to candidates who are younger by giving them more points. In the Federal Skilled Worker Program, a younger candidate gets more points as per the CRS.
In the case of the Business Immigration Program, even a 65 years old candidate can be eligible to apply. Similarly, for Family Class Immigration, the applicant can be 18 years older or even less than that.
- English Language Proficiency:
It is essential for every immigrant to demonstrate their English language skills for getting a PR visa. The language proficiency must be as per the Canadian Language Benchmark. The candidate must give the IELTS exam to show that they can adapt and work in Canada.
The minimum score of IELTS required for permanent residency is CLB 7. While it is only the minimum criteria, an IELTS score of CLB 9 or above can make your profile stronger and improve chances of approval.
Education level also becomes an essential eligibility criterion for becoming eligible for PR in Canada. A candidate must have senior-secondary level education according to the Canadian standard to prove eligibility. The applicants who have a higher educational level than senior-secondary will get more points and have the edge over others.
- Work Experience:
Work experience in a skilled job is also mandatory work getting permanent residency in Canada. The candidate must have a minimum of one year of experience (30 hours per week) to become eligible. Having more work experience improves the chances of approval.
The ability to adapt in the maple country also helps the candidate win points. If the candidate has a spouse or blood relation in Canada, they can get extra points for PR.
What is the process of the Canada PR application?
Every foreign national who is aspiring to immigrate must follow an extensive Canada PR application process. There are a few steps involved in the application process, including submission of documents and payment of fees. The applicant must carefully complete the process within the given time frame.
Here is the process for Canada PR application:
Step 1: Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)
Step 2: Language Proficiency Report
Step 3:Express Entry Application
Step 4:CRS Score
Step 5:Express Entry Draw
Step 6:Invitation To Apply (ITA)
Step 7:Final PR Application
Step 1: Educational Credential Assessment (ECA):
An applicant has to get Educational Credential Assessment or ECA to prove that their foreign education is on par with the Canadian level.
Step 2: Language Proficiency Report:
After that, the candidate needs a language proficiency report with the IELTS score. This demonstrates if the English skills of the applicant are as per Canadian Benchmark Level (CLB) 7 or not.
Step 3: Express Entry Application:
Once the candidate has both the documents, they can create an online Express Entry profile. Making an online profile shows an expression of interest in immigrating to Canada.
Step 4: CRS Score:
The candidate receives a score after filling the application form, which serves as a cut-off to assess applications. If you have the required CRS score, you become eligible for the Canada PR visa.
Step 5: Express Entry Draw:
After that, the applicant must wait for the Express Entry draw, held at regular intervals. Candidates who are above a specific rank get an invitation for PR.
Step 6: Invitation To Apply (ITA):
If you are above the rank, you will receive an Invitation To Apply (ITA). After receiving it, you have 60 days to apply for PR.
Step 7: Final PR Application:
You can send in the final Canada PR application with the required documents. The authorities aim to process a majority of these applications within six months. If you get approved, you will receive your PR authorization.
How to calculate your Canada permanent resident visa points?
Canada introduced a point-based immigration system in the year 1967. It helped simplify and streamline the assessment of applicants for selecting candidates for Permanent Residency. It is known as the Comprehensive Ranking System or CRS. The system assesses candidates on the basis of eligibility criteria and awards them points.
The system has four major sections, and a candidate gets scored out of 1,200 points based on them. They are:
- Core or Human Capital Factors
- Spouse or Common-Law Partner Factors
- Skills Transferability
- Additional Points
- Core or Human Capital Factors:
The core and human capital factors include parameters like age, education, work experience in Canada, and language proficiency skills. These factors prove essential for the success of immigrants after moving to the country.
- Spouse or Common-Law Partner Factors:
This category includes factors like age, education, language proficiency, and work experience of the spouse or common-law partner who is accompanying the candidate.
- Skills Transferability:
The skills transferability section provides points to the candidate on education, foreign work experience, and certificate of qualification for people involved in trade occupations.
- Additional Points:
The last section of additional points awards 600 additional points to a candidate who has a Provincial nomination. There are other factors also like valid job offers and post-secondary education from Canada, which can help win additional points.
What is the Cost for Canada PR?
Different Canada Immigration Programs have different costs involved.
However, here’s a basic cost breakdown for Canada PR:
What is the processing time for Canada PR Visa?
It takes 5-8 months after receiving the ITA (Invitation to Apply) for the Canada PR Visa to be processed.
How to get a Canada permanent resident visa from outside Canada?
Getting a Permanent Resident visa in Canada is a dream for many immigrants today. There are many methods or programs offered by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to make the immigration process easy.
Depending upon the profile, you can find a program that you are eligible in and then apply for a Permanent Resident card from outside Canada.
Here are some of the main categories for PR visa:
- Express Entry
- Provincial Nominee Program
- Business Class Immigration
- Family Class Immigration
- Express Entry:
The Express Entry system is a system for managing applications of the federal programs. It enables immigrants to immigrate to Canada and fill in vacant job positions in the fields which have a lack of skilled workers. If you meet the eligibility requirements, you can apply for a Canada Permanent Resident visa with this system.
There are 3 federal programs under this:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program
- Federal Skilled Trades Program
- Canadian Experience Class
- Provincial Nominee Program:
The provinces of Canada get rights from the government to invite immigrants to contribute to the economic growth of the specific province. The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is an ideal way for skilled immigrants to move to Canada. It invites both students as well as employees to move to a province and address labour shortages in the territory.
- Business Class Immigration:
The Business Class Immigration program is ideal for those with experience in owning, managing, and investing in a business. The business professionals who wish to immigrate to Canada can apply for a visa under this program. You can set up a new business or maybe invest in a franchise there.
- Family Class Immigration:
Immigrants who want to move to Canada along with their family members can apply under the Family Class Immigration program. Once you become a permanent resident of Canada, you can sponsor your family members and move them with you.
Did you know? If you go with the Express Entry program, you have the option to include your family members on the initial application as well.
Here’s why you should move to Canada right now:
- Right to live and work
- Free education
- Universal healthcare
- Social benefits
- Safe environment
- Freedom to move
- Freedom to start a business
- Right to live and work:
If you immigrate to Canada with Permanent Resident status, you get the right to live and work in the country. PR comes with a validity period, which is mostly five years. Once you get that, you can freely switch between jobs, employers, and provinces up to the validity period.
- Free education:
The education system in Canada has three levels; they are primary, secondary, and higher education. The government provides free education to all permanent residents up to Grade 12. While these policies tend to vary from province to province, the authorities aim to make education affordable for all.
- Universal healthcare:
Besides that, all the immigrants can enjoy universal healthcare upon getting permanent residency in Canada. For every resident of Canada, medical care is entirely free, and it can also cover the cost of prescription drugs. For senior citizens, provinces also pay partial medical expenses.
The terms permanent residency and citizenship are quite different. Once you become a permanent resident, you get the right to live there freely until the validity period, which is usually five years. After living in Canada for three years out of the total period of five years, you can become eligible for citizenship.
- Social benefits:
Canada offers plenty of social benefits to all immigrants moving there. To enjoy a higher standard of living, Canada offers job opportunities for skilled foreign nationals. A Canadian permanent resident can also get to enjoy tax rebates on their income, which helps them lead a comfortable life. Besides that, the Canadian government offers unemployment insurance, pension, and subsidized housing.
- Safe environment:
When compared to other countries, Canada has a safe and secure environment. The country is welcoming to immigrants, making it easier for them to adapt. A permanent resident of Canada can also use the rights provided by Canadian Charter 6 and be protected by the authorities.
- Freedom to move:
After availing PR in Canada, there is no restriction on moving in and out of the country. You can leave or come back as many times as you want with your PR card. The card can be used as a travel document, which can help you enter the country, provided it is within the validity period. Your family members, who are residents of Canada, can also enjoy the same travel rules.
- Freedom to start a business:
Another benefit of immigrating to Canada is that you can start your own business there. You have the option to start a new business or invest in a franchise. Some provinces may require you to include a Canadian citizen in the business, but others might not impose any such restrictions.