UK Vs Germany For Study: Which Country Is Better For Indian Students?

Germany's student visa is easy to get. It is also easier to obtain German Permanent Residency. The UK practices stringent immigration procedures. It is also a great country to study and work. You need to compare the pros and cons before choosing your immigration destination.

Great Britain or the United Kingdom has always been a favourite abroad study destination. Now Germany has also made challenging progress in this field. Take a look at these recent immigrtion updates.. 

Yearly Number of Immigrants

UK:

As per the report, a significant rise has been recorded in the numbers of Indian students in the UK. In the year 2018, only 15,000 Indian students were granted the Tier 4 student visas. But this number shoots up to 21,000 in the year 2019.

Germany: 

Indian students in Germany are the 2nd largest group of international students. In 2017-18, this number was 17,570. During 2018-19, statistics showed a steep 18.44% rise. Approximately 21,000 Indian students came to Germany in 2019.

Intakes & Top Universities in the UK & Germany

UK Universities

There are two main intakes in the UK. The September/October and January/February intakes. Some universities in the UK also provide an April/May intake for select courses.

  • January Intake: This is a secondary intake. Not too many courses are offered in this. It however gives an opportunity to international students who have missed the admissions in the main intake.
  • September Intake: This is the main intake in the UK. It offers all courses to international students. Check out for application deadlines though as they vary based on the course and from one university to another.
  • May Intake: This intake is not largely available. Yet, there are some courses available for you at this time. May-intakes into some courses for international students are available in University of Bedfordshire, Southampton Solent University, Northumbria University, Coventry University, and others.

German Universities

There are only two intakes every year in German universities.

  • Summer Intake: This intake is for the summer semester. It runs from March to August or April to September. There are deadlines which usually fall before January 15.
  • Winter Intake: This is for the winter semester passing over September to February. Or October to March. Check out for the deadlines which usually fall before July 15.

Setting deadlines are at the discretion of the specific university. Students are therefore advised to apply at least four months in advance. This will also mean to give you time to apply for the student visa

Top 10 Universities in the UK & Germany

Germany and the UK are known for their upgraded and world-class education systems. Both countries feature eminent universities. Here you can see some of their top universities.

Top 10 British Universities in UK

Here is the list of top 10 universities from the UK. Each of these universities features a large number of Indian students every year.

University of Oxford

University of Cambridge

UCL (University College London)

University of Edinburgh

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

Imperial College London

The University of Manchester

University of Bristol

King’s College London (KCL)

The University of Warwick

Top 10 Universities in Germany

Here are the top 10 German universities where international as well as German students prefer to study:

Ludwig Maximilian University

Free University of Berlin

RWTH Aachen University

Technical University of Berlin

The Munich University of Technology

University of Cologne

Goethe University Frankfurt

University of Duisburg-Essen

University of Heidelberg

Humboldt University Berlin

Entry Requirements to Get Admission in Universities

For the UK

  • The UK undergraduate courses allow admission to students only after 13 years of pre-university education. Recently this admission rule has been modified. Currently, universities in the UK are considering 10+2 CBSE certificate holders for the UG courses.
  • The students need to complete a 3-year UG degree course first. Then they can apply for a postgraduate course at any UK university.
  • It is mandatory to appear for GMAT to get admission to management courses in the UK. GRE score is also required to secure admission in science courses.
  • A good score in GMAT or GRE test can be very beneficial for students aiming for the UK universities. Impressive GMAT/GRE score improves your chance to get admission to reputed UK colleges and universities.
  • UK universities also prefer to take international students with prior work experiences. Good work experience can help you to secure admission in UK universities, particularly for the management courses.
  • Now, universities in the UK don’t treat TOEFL or IELTS scores as mandatory admission criteria. But these Language Skill test exam scores play a vital role in obtaining a study visa in the UK.

For Germany

  • The state funds most universities in Germany. But it doesn’t always regulate them. Therefore, each university comes with its own eligibility criteria. This is the reason cut-off marks vary from one institution to another.
  • German persons, as well as international students, should check the university website first. This would help them to understand the specific entry requirement set by a university.
  • Admission requirement for Indian students heading for undergraduate courses in Germany includes:
    1. Completion of study till 12th class OR
    2. Completion of JEE Advanced
    3. Finishing one year of Bachelor Degree from a recognized Indian university
    4. Cleared the Feststellungsprüfung exam
  • Feststellungspruefung is an entrance exam for different German universities. This test was designed to determine the eligibility of foreign students who want to pursue study in Germany.
  • The competition level is very high at the application stage in the universities. That’s why sometimes these universities even ask as high as a 90% score in secondary school examination. For Indian students who have cleared JEE Advanced, the cut-off mark is just 50%.
  • You can apply for a German post-graduate program only after completing a relevant subject course, which is equivalent to a German bachelor’s degree. This is the basic requirement for all postgraduate courses in Germany.
  • Additional admission requirement for German PG courses are:
    1. high score in GMAT or GRE
    2. IELTS or TOEFL score for international students along with knowledge of German Language
  • The applicants must have a high level of proficiency in the language for enrolment in German taught programs. This means they have to appear either for TestDAF or DSH.
  • The most important qualification requirement for a Ph.D. student in Germany is a very good higher education degree. The degree must be recognized in Germany. In general, the degree must be equivalent to a German Master’s degree.

Other Comparisons: Uk Vs Germany

What is the Cost of Study in the UK & Germany?

Tuition cost is one of the crucial factors to choose your education destination. The difference between public and public colleges' tuition fees in the UK and Germany can be huge.

In the UK

  • Average tuition fees for undergraduate degree programs in the UK range from GBP8,000 to GBP15,000 per year. For post-graduate courses, you may have to pay GBP10,000 – GBP20,000 every year on average.
  • This cost doesn’t include additional expenses like room rent and living costs. You have to bear these expenses on your own.

Here is a table that shows the expenses related to the UK courses:

Categories

Undergraduate Courses

Postgraduate Courses

Tuition Fee

£8,000 - £15,000 per year

£10,000 - £20,000 per year

Room and Living Expense

£12,500 - £15,000 per year

£12,500 - £15,000 per year

Course Duration

3 years

1- 2 years

Total Expense

£20,500 - £30,000 per year

£20,500 - £35,000 per year

In Germany

  • The average tuition fees are cheaper in Germany. So, it is possible to complete your German course without taking the burden of education loans.
  • Tuition fees in German universities come with a wide range of choices. You can choose a course here that suits your budget.
  • German universities don’t believe in offering extravagant infrastructure to students. In Germany, it is the responsibility of students to study.  German universities also don’t maintain a large group of lecturers or teachers. 
  • The course fee in Germany depends on the two factors:
    1. field of study
    2. choice of university/college

Look at the following chart to have a fair idea of the cost of study in Germany.

Categories

Undergraduate Course

Postgraduate Course

Tuition Fee

€150 (public university) - €20,000 (private university) every year

€2,000 (public university) - €30,000 (private university) every year

Room and Living Cost

€8,640 per year

€8,640 every year

Course Duration

3 - 4 years

1- 2 years

Total Expense

€8,790 - €28,640 per year

€10,640 - €38,640 per year

Scholarships

  • Obtaining a scholarship is quite helpful for Indian students in foreign land. This helps them to fund their tuition fees and living costs in Germany and the United Kingdom.
  • The German government, as well as Britain’s government, understand that too. Therefore, several provisions have been made to support Indian students in the form of higher education scholarships.
  • German higher education institutions have been set up carefully so that international students mostly don’t feel the need to take educational loans.

You can check out the scholarship schemes from the table given here:

UK Scholarships

German Scholarships

Sir Ratan Tata Fellowships for South Asian Students at LSE

Semester Scholarships for Students of Indian Institutes of Management (IIM)

Oxford and Cambridge Society of India (OCSI) Scholarships

IIT Master Sandwich Scholarships

British Council GREAT scholarships for Indian Students

Development-Related Postgraduate Courses (EPOS)

Charles Wallace India Trust Scholarships

Study Scholarships for Foreign Graduates in the Field of Architecture

Cardiff Business School India Scholarships

Helmut-Schmidt-Programme (Master’s Scholarships for Public Policy and Good Governance - PPGG)

 

Working Internships in Science and Engineering (WISE)

 

Practical Traineeships for Foreign Students of Natural and Technical Sciences, Agriculture and Forestry (IAESTE)

 

Bayer Science & Education Foundation: Otto Bayer Scholarships

 

Friedrich Ebert Foundation: Scholarship for International Doctoral Students

 

Friedrich Ebert Foundation: Scholarship for International Students

Most Sought-After Fields in UK vs USA

It will help if you have a fair idea of which courses are beneficial to study in Germany or the UK. It is important to check before applying for any Master’s degree or undergraduate course. We have attached here the lists of most sought-after study courses in both countries.

In the United Kingdom

  • Social Studies
  • Management and Business Courses
  • Art and Design
  • Nursing
  • Bio-Science
  • Psychology
  • Education
  • Law and Administration
  • Dentistry

In Germany

  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer Science Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Automobile Courses
  • Physics
  • Life Science
  • Retailers-related Courses

Grading Systems

United Kingdom

  • The United Kingdom follows a unique grading for the higher education system. This grading system is way better than the one followed in India. The UK grading system focuses on describing a student’s academic performance vividly.
  • The UK grading system tells more about a student’s specific skills and academic strengths. It also helps employers to understand an applicant’s true potential.
  • UK education follows a ‘Letter Grade Scale.’ It ranges from A to F. Letter ‘A’ is awarded for outstanding knowledge. The letter ‘F’ stands for failing with a low score.

Here is a table to explain the UK grading system:

Letter Grade

Score in Percentage

Grade Meaning

Degree Class

 

 

 

Honours Degree

Foundation Degree

A

70% – 100%

Excellent to Outstanding

First

Distinction

B

60% – 69%

Good to Very Good

Upper Second 2:1

Merit

C

50% – 59%

Satisfying

Lower Second 2:2

 

Pass

D

40% – 49%

Sufficient

Third 3

E

30% – 39%

Unsatisfactory

 

FAIL

 

   FAIL

F

0 – 29%

Unsatisfactory/Very Poor

 

 

 

 

 

In Germany

  • Most German universities follow the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). The European Commission developed this grading system.
  • The ECTS is a standard method to determine academic accreditation for international courses. Through ECTS, it is straightforward to measure or compare the grades between different universities. It also allows the transfer of academic scores from one university to another.
  • A student can achieve 60 ECTS credits in one academic year. On average, students can earn 30 credits per semester.
  • Credits are only given for completed courses. You need to meet all course requirements to earn the credits.

Here is a table to explain the German Grading System:

Percentage

German Grade

Explanation

90 – 100%

1.0 – 1.5

“Sehr gut" (very good or an outstanding achievement)

80 – 90%

1.6 – 2.5

"gut" (good or an achievement substantially above average requirements)

65 – 80%

2.6 – 3.5

"befriedigend" (satisfactory or an achievement which corresponds to average requirements)

50 – 65%

3.6 – 4.0

"ausreichend" (sufficient or an achievement which barely meets the requirements)

0 – 50%

5.0

"mangelhaft" / "ungenügend" / "nicht bestanden" (insufficient / failed or an achievement which does not meet the requirements)

Visa Process for a Student Visa

In the UK

Due to strict visa rules, it is a bit challenging to obtain a UK Student Visa. Generic information about student visa are:

  • Granted only for a full-time study program
  • It comes with specific English language requirements
  • The validity of up to 3 years for a diploma course
  • The maximum validity of the visa is 4 years for a degree from a university
  • Application cost is £310 per individual
  • Extra fee of £310 for every dependent visa
  • You need to appear for a personal interview
  • Obtaining a part-time work permit depends on individual cases

International Students are allowed to do:

  1. Part-time work up to 20 hours a week during term
  2. full-time works during vacations (only on-campus)
  3. full-time work placements that come under a 'sandwich course.'

In Germany

The German Study Visa comes with the following conditions:

  • You have to stay in Germany for more than 90 days as a student
  • You need to get a residence permit
  • You must have funds of worth €8,640 per year to support your cost of living
  • A residence permit granted to students is valid for a maximum of 2 years
  • You need to renew the residence permit if the course duration is more than 2 years
  • Students can work up to 240 days half-days or 120 full days in an academic year.
  • Germany is the only country that allows a student to pursue a part-time technical job in the related industry.
  • Some German universities also offer part-time jobs on campus known as Hiwi.

Permanent Residence Opportunities

In the UK

After Brexit, several changes in terms of UK government policies. Therefore, it is tough for Indian students to stay and work in the UK after graduation. So, chances for permanent residency in the UK is not that great.

In Germany

  • Suppose you are already living in Germany for at least 5 years on a German residence permit. In that case, you are eligible for a German permanent visa. There are exemptions where shorter living time is allowed.
  • After completing 8 years of living in Germany, you can apply for German citizenship.
  • In case you are married to a German citizen, you are eligible to get German citizenship immediately.

Working While Studying

In the UK

  • International students are allowed a part-time job in the UK while studying.
  • Few UK universities don’t allow their students to work off-campus.
  • Students on Tier 4 visas are allowed to work in the UK.
  • Your age has to be 16-year or more to take any job across the UK.
  • You can check your residence permit letter to know the following work status:
    1. The job/work must be authorized
    2. You can work as per the approval from the Secretary of State
    3. Work as per Tier 4 Rules
    4. Restricted as in Tier 4 Rules
    5. Restricted work – Part-time during the terms, Full-time during vacation time

In Germany

  • European Union/European Economic Area Students have free access to the job market as German persons have. They can work up to 20 hours per week during the term.
  • Non-EU students and non-EEA students are also allowed to work in Germany. They can work up to 240 half-days or 120 full days in one year.
  • There is no limit on working hours if you take up the job of a student assistant or research assistant in Germany. You have to notify the Alien Registration Office to take up such jobs.
  • Non-EU country students are not allowed to take self-employed or freelance jobs.
  • Earning by students in Germany is as high as €450 per month tax-free.
  • To get a job, it is good to have a workable knowledge of the German language.

Post-Study Work Opportunity

In the UK

  • The post-study work (PSW) visa is meant for international students. This visa allows them to support their living expenses in the UK. This visa also allows you to stay and work in the UK for up to 2 years after graduation.
  • PSW visa holders can take any job in the UK. This work visa's primary goal is to help international students get a General Work Visa in the UK.
  • Eligibility conditions for Post-study Work Visa include:
    1. holding a valid Tier 4 visa
    2. admission proof to a UK institution on and after 20th September 2020
    3. Enrolment as a Ph.D. student (as per the new extension of PSW visa rules)

In Germany

  • International students have to apply for a Residence Permit after completion of their course from a German University.
  • The Immigration Department grants such students a Residence Permit of 18 months duration.
  • You can look for a job related to your qualification while on a German Residence Permit.
  • The residence permit is not combined with the Student Visa in Germany. You must apply for it separately.
  • If you take a job offer relevant to your stream before completing your course, you need to apply for a Residence Permit or an EU Blue Card.

Cost of Living

UK

International students must compare living costs in Germany and the UK to decide where to study. The average living cost is a useful tool to measure the expense of studying abroad.

Germany 

The average living cost in the UK is around $20,000 per person per year. The average cost of living in Germany is €10,000 per person per year.

Medical Care

In the UK

  • The UK maintains state-funded medical care called the National Health Service
  • This healthcare scheme guarantees to care for all at free of cost
  • The average health insurance cost for one person in the UK is £1,435 per annum

In Germany

  • Germany has a universal multi-payer health care system. It is a combination of statutory health insurance and private health insurance.
  • All Germans and legal residents are entitled to free “medically necessary” public healthcare.
  • In addition, citizens must have either state or private health insurance.
  • The cost of German healthcare coverage can vary from €80 to €1,500 per person per month

Few More Things You Should be Knowing

You already have a broad picture of studying in the UK and Germany. Still, there are a lot more factors to choose your study destination. Here we have mentioned a few more points with short descriptions.

  • German people rate their Average Life Satisfaction with 7.0 grade on a scale of 10. People of the UK gave a score of 7.2. This means people from both countries are pretty satisfied with their life.
  • As per the World Happiness Index chart, Germany ranks 17th, and the United Kingdom’s rank is 15th. So, British people feel a bit happier than the German counterparts.

Some of the Best Cities to Live in Germany includes Berlin, Dusseldorf, Munich and Hamburg. In the UK, you will love to settle in lesser-known cities like Liverpool, Sunderland, Leeds, Derby, Aberdeen, etc.

  • Population Density in the United Kingdom is 281 per square kilometre, whereas Germany’s population density is about 240 people per square kilometre as per the survey. Surely, Germany is a more peaceful place to live.
  • The Global Economic Competitiveness report shows that Germany scored 81.80 points on a scale of 100. UK’s score is 81.20 points.

Thanks to Germany’s judicious economic policy, the Unemployment Rate was about 4.2% in March. The UK recorded an unemployment rate of 3.9 in May 2020. This indicates the job market is more stable in the UK.

  • Wages, Racial Discrimination, and Safety: The crime rate is much lower in Germany than in the UK. Incidents of racial discrimination and hatred are higher in the UK. But German people are very snobbish, particularly when it comes to people with different ethnicities.
  • Weather Changes for Indians is a real struggle for Indians in both countries.  Summers are very short. These countries have an extremely cold climate during the winter months.

Challenges faced by Indian immigrants in the UK

Here is the list of most common challenges that Indian migrants face in the UK:

  • Struggle to blend in with different social norms
  • Language barrier
  • Arranging a place to live
  • Isolation based on ethnicity
  • Social and racial discrimination
  • Hardship in making friends
  • Discrimination in employment opportunities
  • Costly lifestyle
  • Limited access to local services
  • Raising children
  • Extreme weather conditions, particularly during winter months

Challenges faced by Indian immigrants in Germany

  • Learning the German Language
  • Difficulty to understand German culture
  • Very little use of English
  • Difficulty to blend in
  • Hardship to get accustomed to local culture and tradition
  • The higher living of cost
  • No domestic help
  • Difficulty in driving on the autobahn
  • No work opportunity for spouses
  • Social discrimination based on ethnicity
  • Indian stereotyping
  • Freezing winter months

It is never that easy to choose your abroad study destination from the UK and Germany. Therefore, we have tried our best to help you out. Go through the following sections of this content. You can find lots of useful information to make your mind.

Important Updates in Immigration Laws for 2020

It is always advisable to be aware of the latest immigration rules before flying to a foreign land.  Even international students need to do the same. Here we have curated the lists of such updates for the UK and Germany.

UK Immigration Updates 2020

  • New updates in the Immigration Rules EU and EU country (Family Permit), 24th August 2020
  • Changes in Immigration Rules part 6A (the points-based system), Immigration Rules part 5 (Working in the UK) and Immigration Rules Appendix W (Immigration Rules for Workers), 4th June 2020
  • Modification in Immigration Rules part 3 (students), part 5 (working in the UK) and part 9 (grounds for refusal), 6th April 2020
  • Updated Immigration Rules part 1 (Leave to enter or stay in the UK), 20th February 2020
  • New Immigration Rules Appendix G: Youth Mobility Scheme, 2nd January 2020

Germany Immigration Updates 2020

  • Updated and simplified Visa rules for citizens of non-European countries under the new German Skilled Immigration Act,2nd March 2020
  • Newly defined “qualified professionals,” 2nd March 2020

How Can Kansas Help You?

At Kansas, we are all set to take care of any immigration issue. Our team consists of experienced and well-versed immigration experts. We deal in all kinds of visas for students, skilled workers, family members and dependents. 

Our services include, but not limited to:

  • Profile-Evaluation: Your profile evaluation will be the first step in the right direction for immigration. We know you deserve, nothing but the best.
  • Resume-Writing: Our professional writers will ensure to project what matters most. A resume that cannot stand out of the competition will not impress.
  • Visit-Visa: Your temporary travel for leisure or business to any part of the world can be so easy with Kansas.
  • Study-Visa: Kansas will ensure that you get a student visa to a country of your choice if you qualify and look forward to studying abroad.
  • Work Visa: We will empower you to obtain qualified employment that can legally be issued to you in a foreign country.
  • Job-Search-Services: We’ll readily look for appropriate job openings in your nation of choice.
    Immigration: We bear expertise in arranging your international movement into the destination country.
  • Permanent Residence: We’ll go an extra mile to help you gain permanent residency in your favoured country.
  • Post-Landing-Services: These are specifically tailored according to your requirements.

Get in touch with us now for impeccable and affordable immigration assistance.

Take Your Free Consultation Right Away!

Other FAQs

1. Which country is most expensive to study – UK or Germany?

Studying in the UK is more expensive than in Germany.

2. Can UK students study in Germany for free?

Yes. UK students can study in Germany for free for undergraduate courses.

3. What is Abitur?

“Abitur” is the highest German school leaving certification. This is meant for general qualification for university entrance. It enables the certificate-holder to take admission to any course of study at any university in Germany.

4. Is a German degree valid in the UK?

Absolutely. German degrees are recognized all across the globe.

5. What are the other countries to which Indian students prefer to settle?

Ans. There are lots. The United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and France are among the most favourites to Indian students.

6. Is it good to study in Northern Ireland?

Yes, it is. Ireland is one of the safest and friendliest countries in the world. Northern Ireland is particularly known for its excellent educational facilities.

Topics: Study Visa, UK, Germany

Anusha
Anusha

Anusha stands out for in-depth knowledge of Canada, UK and Australia visa process. With 7+years of experience, she adds a lot of worth to the team.

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