How To Migrate To Canada from the US (in 2020)?

 

Canada has, in the past few decades, equated itself with the meaning of life itself. With excellent facilities and a friendly immigration system, it is, therefore, not surprising that Canada has surpassed even the US as one of the most favourite countries to migrate to for many folk worldwide.

Canada’s healthcare system, economic model, multi-cultural community, and most importantly, the close proximity to the US, are the reasons why US citizens are migrating to Canada.

Types of Visas for Migrating to Canada from the US

Skilled workers have their work cut out when it comes to migrating to Canada because the process of applying for permanent residency in Canada is relatively easier. You can immigrate to Canada in one of the following ways:

  • Express Entry System
  • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
  • Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)
  • USMCA (for US & Mexican nationals)
  • Family Sponsorship
  • Atlantic Immigration Pilot
  • Start-Up Visa
  • Rural & Northern Immigration Pilot
  • Caregivers
  • Self-Employed
  • Agri-Food Pilot

Please note that the process of immigration is complicated. Take proper guidance before planning to apply for immigration.

Let us know more about all the above categories.

Express Entry System: If you want to move to Canada permanently, you should opt for this visa category. Here are some highlights of the Express Entry system:

  • One of the fastest and most structured systems of immigration
  • A points-based online immigration syste
  • Launched by the IRCC (Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada) in January 2015
  • Provides workforce of skilled workers to the Canadian labour market

To be eligible to apply for the Express Entry System applicants must be eligible under any one of the following economic immigration programs:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • Canadian Experience Class
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program

The points-based system on which the Express Entry System is modelled around is called the CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System).

Applicants are given points by the CRS based on their age, education, work experience, English or French language proficiency, adaptability, an invitation for employment, etc.

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP): Unlike the US, Canada has provinces instead of states. And these provinces also have the right to decide on migrant applications. This category is called the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).

Under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), almost all provinces in Canada can:

  • Invite applications from skilled migrant workers.
  • Nominate applicants for permanent residency in Canada.

But, not all PNP’s are streamlined under the Express Entry System. Some of the PNP’s operate entirely outside of the Express Entry System.

Here are some of the well known PNP’s of Canada:

  • Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP) – Alberta
  • Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP) – Manitoba
  • Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) – Nova Scotia
  • Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) - Ontario Province
  • Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) – Saskatchewan

The Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP’S) are further classified into two subcategories:

  • Express Entry PNP
  • Occupation in Demand PNP

1. Express Entry PNP: This subcategory of the Provincial Nominee Programs works in association with the Federal Express Entry System.

  • In this subcategory, a visa applicant is selected by the PNP from the Express Entry pool. The applicant is notified about the same by the PNP of the particular province.
  • If an applicant is selected under this program, he or she gets an additional 600 CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) points in Express Entry.

These points eventually make the applicant eligible for ITA (issued to highest-ranking candidates in a round of interview) by the IRCC (Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada).

2. Occupation in Demand PNP: This subcategory is also for skilled migrants. The applicant must meet the requirements of skills and experience of an occupation that is in demand in a certain province.

  • A province publishes a list of demanding occupations and invites applications from migrants under PNP.
  • If the applicant is selected for nomination then he or she can directly apply for PR in Canada.

Please note that the process of immigration is complicated. Take proper guidance before you plan to apply for immigration. Click here to talk to our experts at Kansas right away.

Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP): The Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP) is an immigration program of the Quebec province in Canada.

  • If an applicant is selected under this program, he or she will receive a CSQ (Quebec Selection Certificate).
  • This certificate eventually makes the applicant eligible to apply for the Canadian PR visa directly at the IRCC (Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada).

Please note that the application process for the QSWP can be complicated considering the several layers of selection procedures. 

Click here to get help in applying for this visa.

Eligibility criteria for migrating to Canada from the US?

US citizens do not need any visa or eTA for a temporary visit to Canada. Any valid travel document, like a passport, is enough for travelling to Canada.

Apart from the most popular Canadian permanent residency visa program, the “Express Entry”, US citizens have an all-new migration program, the “USMCA (United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement)”, to choose for migrating to Canada.

Let us see the eligibility criteria for both these programs.

USMCA: There are three different categories under this agreement in which a candidate can apply for a work permit: 

  • USMCA Professional
  • USMCA Intra Company Transfers
  • USMCA Traders and Investors

USMCA Professional

  • Must be a citizen of either the US or Mexico
  • Must be qualified in any of the specified professions (talk to our experts by clicking here to know the list of professions)
  • Must have been selected by a company, or invited to apply from any of the specified fields
  • Self-employment is not eligible 

USMCA Intra Company Transfers

  • Must be a citizen of either the US or Mexico
  • Must have been in continuous employment in the company for at least one   year (in the past three years)
  • Must be legally employed in the current company while applying
  • Must be either in a managerial role or in a field of specialization

USMCA Traders and Investors

  • Must be a citizen of either the US or Mexico
  • Must be involved in substantial trade activities in goods or services
  • The trade must be primarily between US/Mexico and Canada
  • Must be from a US or Mexican company
  • Must be entering Canada only for developing the business
  • Must be in a supervisory or executive position, or with essential skills

Express Entry: The Express Entry system also has three categories:

  • Federal Skilled Worker
  • Canadian Experience Class
  • Federal Skilled Trades

Let us for example see the eligibility criteria for the Federal Skilled Worker program    under the Express Entry system:

Eligibility Factor

Requirement

Age

Less than 45 years

Education

Bachelor's degree or above

Work Experience

Minimum 2 years in specified professions

Language Proficiency:

a. English

b. French


CLB 7

NCLC 7

Criminal History

Must be clean

Health

Must not carry any diseases

CRS Score

67 points or more

The IRCC publishes the list of selected applicants with the highest CRS score every fortnight by a draw. It also announces the minimum CRS score for each such draw.

All the applicants selected under the CRS get the ITA (Invitation to Apply) for a Canadian Permanent Residency visa from IRCC.

To know about the eligibility criteria for other types of visas for Canadian immigration talk to our experts at Kansas. Click here to connect right away.

USMCA (for US & Mexican nationals): The USMCA stands for the United States – Mexico – Canada Agreement. It is a free trade agreement between the three nations. Here are some highlights of the USMCA (for US & Mexican nationals):

  • It is a free trade agreement between the three nations.
  • It replaced the former NAFTA (North American Trade Agreement) between the three  nations.
  • The provisions related to immigration and travel remain the same as NAFTA.
  • Applicants can obtain a work permit in Canada under this agreement.

A work permit under USMCA makes you eligible:

  • For a Canadian PR visa
  • For additional CRS points under the Express Entry System

Candidates can apply for a work permit under the following subcategories:

  • USMCA Professional
  • USMCA Intra Company Transfers
  • USMCA Traders and Investors         

Family Sponsorship: You can sponsor certain relatives under the Family sponsorship program to join you in Canada. To be eligible to sponsor relatives you must be:

  • A Canadian citizen
  • Registered as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act
  • Permanent resident of Canada

Your relatives will be allowed to live, work, and study in Canada under the Family sponsorship program.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot: This program helps employers in Atlantic Canada to hire two types of individuals:

  • Foreign skilled workers who wish to immigrate to Atlantic Canada.
  • International graduates who wish to stay in Atlantic Canada after graduation.

The IRCC has announced a 2-year extension of this program on the 1st of March 2019.

It has also given international graduates more time to apply, and more flexibility for hiring health care professionals.

Click here for more information.

Start-Up Visa: This category is for those entrepreneurs who wish to immigrate to Canada for:

  • Starting a business and creating jobs
  • Support innovative entrepreneurs in Canada

Click here for more information about the application process.

Rural & Northern Immigration Pilot: This is a community-driven program designed to create a way for foreign skilled workers who wish to work and live in one of the participating communities to obtain permanent residence.

Click here to get more details about this program.

Caregivers: The IRCC offers both, permanent residence and temporary work for caregivers. As a caregiver, you can apply for permanent residence under the following programs:

  • Home Child Care Provider
  • Home Support Worker

Candidates must meet eligibility requirements and must have a job offer in one of these programs.

Click here for more information about these programs.

Self-Employed: Under this program, any self employed individual can apply for permanent residency in Canada. To be eligible for this program an applicant must:

  • Have experience in athletics or cultural activities.
  • Be capable of making a significant contribution to the cultural or athletic life of Canada.

Click here for more information about this program.

Agri-Food Pilot: The labour needs of the Canadian agri-food sector are addressed through this program. This program allows experienced, non-seasonal workers from specific industries and occupations to apply for permanent residence in Canada.

Click here for more information.

If you find any of these immigration ways confusing then please get professional guidance. Our experts at Kansas are always ready to help you. 

Click here to talk to our experts right now.

Documents Required for Migrating to Canada from the US

The documents necessary for a Canadian PR visa application are:

  • Passport or travel document (Venezuelan applicants need to attach some extra information)
  • Language proficiency test results
  • Educational qualification credentials
  • Provincial nomination (if applicable)
  • Written job offer from a Canadian employer
  • Police certificate for checking criminal record
  • Medical certificate
  • Proof of funds (if applicable)

Do you need an eTA to fly to Canada from the US?

An eTA (Electronic Travel Authorization) is an entry requirement for people from visa-exempt countries who are travelling to Canada by air. These people from visa-exempt countries do not need an eTA if they are travelling by any other modes of transport, such as bus, train, boat, or a cruise ship.

The US is one such visa-exempt country from the list. But, only lawful permanent residents from the US need an eTA to fly or transit through Canada. The eTA is linked to your passport and is valid for up to 5 years or until your passport expires.

Click here to see the full list of visa-exempt countries.

Step-by-Step Process for Migrating to Canada from the US

The IRCC issues the temporary USMCA work visas at a port of entry, visa office, or online because US or Mexican citizens do not require a temporary residency visa to enter Canada. And since the USMCA is a new visa program we suggest you get expert guidance to understand the application process. 

Click here to talk to our experts at Kansas right away.

If you are applying under the Express Entry system in Canada then you need to follow this procedure:

  • Check eligibility
  • Keep documents ready
  • Submit your profile
  • Receive invitation
  • Apply for permanent residence

Let us understand all the steps in detail.

Step 1: Check eligibility

To check your eligibility for a PR visa application in Canada, you need to take an online test to check if you meet the minimum requirements. 

Click here to take the test.

Go through the detailed requirements for each program mentioned in this article.

Step 2: Keep documents ready

Make sure you meet all the requirements before moving on to the visa application. And one of the most basic requirements is to gather all the necessary documents. These documents could vary depending on the purpose of immigrating or relationship with the sponsor in Canada in case of a Family sponsorship visa.

Moreover, documentation could be a complicated task. 

Click here to talk to experts and get proper guidance.

The documents necessary for a Canadian PR visa application are:

  • Passport or travel document (Venezuelan applicants need to attach some extra information)
  • Language proficiency test results
  • Educational qualification credentials
  • Provincial nomination (if applicable)
  • Written job offer from a Canadian employer
  • Police certificate for checking criminal record
  • Medical certificate
  • Proof of funds (if applicable)

Step 3: Submit your profile

You must provide all information about yourself in your Express Entry profile. 

  • If your profile is shortlisted then you will be added to the pool of candidates.
  • Based on the information you provide you will be ranked in the Express Entry pool using the CRS points system.

Click here to check your CRS score.

Click here to submit your profile online.

Step 4: Receive an invitation

If your CRS score is amongst the highest in the pool of candidates then you will receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA).

  • The ITA is a mandatory step towards the permanent residence visa because you can apply for a PR under Express Entry only if you receive an ITA.
  • Once you get the ITA you will have 90 days to apply for permanent residence.

Step 5: Apply for permanent residence

To finally apply for a permanent residence visa you must follow these six easy steps:

  • Fill the online form
  • Upload documents
  • Payment of fees
  • Submit application

After you apply

Fill the online form:

  • Your Express Entry ITA is valid for 90 days only.
  • You should fill the online for permanent residence as soon as possible.
  • You can fill the form online by signing in to your account.

Click here to log in or create an account on the IRCC website. Select the “apply for permanent residence” option under Express Entry.

  • Make sure that all your answers in the form are true and complete.
  • All mandatory fields must be completed or the application process won’t move forward.

Upload documents: 

  • Once you have duly filled the form a personalized document checklist will be generated.
  • You must upload all the documents from the checklist.
  • All the documents must be either in English or French.
  • If any document is not in English then you must get it translated.
  • In such a case you must get the translated document stamped with the translator’s certification.

Payment of fees:

Once you have filled the forms and uploaded the documents you will be prompted to pay the fees. The fees include the following:

  • Processing fee for you and your family members
  • Right of permanent residence fee
  • Biometrics fee

The application fee for a permanent residence visa is $1325.
To include your spouse the fee is $1325.
To include a dependent child the fee is $225 per child.

Click here to check the detailed fee structure under various categories.

In case of an incomplete application, fees will be refunded (except the application fee)

Submit application:

Once you have completed all the above steps you can proceed to submit your application. Before submitting you must make sure that you have:

  • Completed mandatory fields on the online form
  • Paid processing fee and biometrics fee
  • Uploaded clear scans of documents on the checklist

If any of the above is not done then the application won’t be accepted by the system.

Click here if you want to update your application after submission.

After you apply:

Once you have submitted your application the IRCC will notify you through your online account. The IRCC will ask you to submit your biometrics (fingerprints and photographs) at this stage. You might be contacted by the IRCC to provide additional information or to attend an interview. The IRCC will update you on the status of your application.

If your visa has been granted then you will receive:

  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR)
  • A permanent resident visa

If your visa has been rejected then:

  • You will have to create and submit an Express Entry profile.
  • Meet eligibility criteria
  • Be selected in the pool again

Please note that the process of immigration is complicated. Take proper guidance before planning to apply for a Canadian immigration program. 

Click here to talk to our experts at Kansas right away.

Ways to Migrate to Canada from the US?

You can immigrate to Canada from the US in one of the following ways:

  • Express Entry System
  • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
  • Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)
  • USMCA (for US & Mexican nationals
  • Family sponsorship
  • Atlantic Immigration Pilot
  • Start-up Visa
  • Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot
  • Caregivers
  • Self-employed
  • Agri-food Pilot

Please note that the requirements and entire process for all these migration programs are different. 

Click here to talk to our experts at Kansas for more information.

Bringing Your Spouse & Children to the US With You

Yes. You are usually allowed to bring your dependant family members under the Family sponsorship visa category and under almost all the Canadian immigration visa programs. If you do not find specific information then please talk to our experts at Kansas as bringing dependants can be a complicated process. Click here to connect right now.

How Much Does it Cost to Migrate to Canada from the US?

The cost of migration to Canada depends on the type of visa you are opting for. Here’s a list of different programs used for immigration to Canada and the cost for each:

Type of Visa

Cost

Express Entry System

a. Spouse

b. Child

CAD 1325

CAD 1325

CAD 225 each

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)


a. Alberta PNP

Processing fee

Permanent Residence Fee (RPRF)


b. British Columbia PNP

Skills Immigration Registration

Application fee

Request for review

Entrepreneur Immigration Registration

Application fee

Request for review

Strategic Project Fees Registration

Application fee

Key staff

Request for review


c. Manitoba PNP


d. New Brunswick PNP




CAD 550

CAD 490



No fee

CAD 1150

CAD 500

CAD 300

CAD 3500

CAD 500

CAD 300

CAD 3500

CAD 1000

CAD 500


CAD 500


CAD 250

Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)

a. Business Immigration

Application fees  

Spouse 

Child 

b. Skilled Worker

Application fees

Spouse 

Child 



CAD 2075

CAD 1325

CAD 225


CAD 1325

CAD 1325

CAD 225

Family Sponsorship

Spouse/Partner

Dependant child

Parents/Grandparents

Spouse/Partner

Dependant child 

Relative

Under 22 years of age

Over 22 years of age

Spouse/Partner


CAD 1050

CAD 150

CAD 1050

CAD 1050

CAD 150


CAD 650

CAD 1050

CAD 1050

Atlantic Immigration Pilot

Application fees

Spouse 

Child 


CAD 1325

CAD 1325

CAD 225

Start-Up Visa

Application fees

Spouse 

Child 


CAD 2075

CAD 1325

CAD 225

Rural & Northern Immigration Pilot

Application fees

Spouse 

Child 


CAD 1325

CAD 1325

CAD 225

Caregivers

Application fees

Spouse 

Child 


CAD 1050

CAD 550

CAD 150

Self-Employed

Application fees

Spouse 

Child 


CAD 2075

CAD 1325

CAD 225

Agri-Food Pilot

Application fees

Spouse 

Child


CAD 1325

CAD 1325

CAD 225

Note: The fee structure of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is different for each province. Please talk to our experts at Kansas to get proper guidance about the payment of fees. 

Click here to connect right away.

Processing Time for Immigration Visas to Canada from the US

The processing time of the Express Entry program used for immigrating to Canada is 6 months. We are not mentioning the processing time for all other visa types as due to the coronavirus pandemic, the IRCC has been unable to process applications normally to provide accurate processing times. 

To learn about the processing time for all other types of immigration visas to Canada from the US please talk to our experts at Kansas. 

Click here to connect right now.

How can Kansas help?

Kansas Overseas is a one-stop solution to all your visa needs. We are a team of visa and immigration consultants and we specialize in permanent residency visas of many different countries across the world.

  • Kansas is an authorized Immigration agent. 
  • We offer personal assistance and a single point of contact.
  • We have an experienced team with a proven track of success.
  • Right from evaluation to Visa application we provide guided documentation.
  • We highlight high-potential opportunities across global industries.
  • Our aim is to help you succeed. 

Our success rate with the Canadian PR visas is 100%. So, if you are planning to apply for a Canadian permanent residency visa from anywhere in the world.

Click here to talk to our experts right now.

Other FAQs:

1. Can you apply for PR in Canada from the US?

Yes. You can apply for a Canadian PR visa from the US. You have many programs to choose from. The most popular visa program for migrating to Canada from the US is the Express Entry system.

2. What is the minimum number of points required for Canada Express Entry 2020?

You must have a minimum score of 67 points out of 100 in the CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) to be eligible for applying under the Canadian Express Entry system 2020.

3. Is IELTS compulsory for moving to Canada from the US?

No. The IELTS test is not compulsory for moving to Canada from the US. But, it is advisable to undergo an English language test because it is a mandatory requirement for those who wish to study or work in Canada. Also, note that Canada recognizes two official languages, English and French. So, even if you are unable to prove language proficiency in English, you can always opt for French. You can also select both.

4. Has the coronavirus pandemic affected immigration to Canada?

Due to the coronavirus pandemic, the IRCC has imposed some restrictions on travelling and flouted some new rules and regulations for the year 2020. The IRCC has made it mandatory for all fliers to undergo 14-day quarantine irrespective of your test results at the port. You must make arrangements for this quarantine before flying to Canada. If you don’t have any arrangements then the IRCC requests you to refrain from flying to Canada.

Topics: Migrate, Canada

Umang
Umang

A canada PR visa holder himself, Umang is the settlement manager who assists clients with post-landing services and job search.

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