Canada VS USA: Which Country Is Better To Settle For Indians in 2020?

Current immigration trends and updates

Average Work Hours

Canada

When it comes to Canada, the standard work hours for an employee under a federally regulated sector are 8 hours per day (during any period of 24 consecutive hours) which sums up to 40 hours a week.

US

As per data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employed Americans worked for about 34.4 hours per week in the USA in 2019.

Annual Leaves

Canada

Annual leave is a very attractive employment benefit which is also applicable to the immigrant employees. The national minimum annual leave entitlement in Canada is 2 weeks for each ‘year of employment’.

US

In the USA, an average American employee is entitled to receive a 10-days paid vacation every year. The number of days may slightly vary from one employer to another but it is more or less the same across the USA.

Job Security

Canada

Employee retention rate is way better in Canada but Canadian wages may disappoint when compared with its US counterpart.

US

The US is very volatile in this regard. Your circumstances are completely dependent on your employer.

Most Sought-after Fields

The most sought-after job sectors in Canada and the USA are:

  • Science
  • Technology
  • Engineering
  • Medical
  • Investment banking
  • Registered nurses

Taxation Laws and Cost

Canada

Canada follows a higher average practical tax rate of 28%. It has been reported that Canadian employees take home approximately $35,500 annually on average. Primary reason behind Canada’s higher tax rate is due to its generous benefits offered to its citizens.

US

The United States’ practical tax rate is as low as 18% and therefore US employees can bring home about $52,000 per annum on average.

Immigration Laws

Canada

Canada follows an immigration policy that doesn’t encourage ‘family reunification’ as the sole purpose of allowing Canadian immigrants to Canada is to boost economic Expansion.

Undocumented migrants (they are not exactly the refugees) are also less in number here as obtaining authorized permanent residency in Canada is not so hard, unlike the United States.

From the immigration standpoint, a Canadian immigration visa offers more stability whereas the US H1B visa is pretty uncertain and it completely depends on your US job nature.

Canadian PR is also better in terms of switching jobs or taking breaks at any given point of your stay. Even after losing a job, you are eligible to avail of medical benefits and social security in Canada.

As a whole, policies related to immigrants and temporary foreign workers in the USA and Canada differ from each other in many aspects. They have their own pros and cons.

US 

US immigration policy puts emphasis on ‘family reunification’. This is the reason, the average number of family members against one US immigrant is 3.5.

Average Schooling Fees

Canada

Canadian immigration system allows children (until the age of 16 or 18) of documented immigrants to access free public schools in the country. Although many Canadian schools charge international students with fees of CAD 8,000 to CAD 14,000 per year.

US

The United States allows all children to access their free public schools. There are several paid private schools in the country. The average cost of schooling in a private elementary school is $10,000 a year and it is $15,000 for private high schools.

Types of Visas

Canada

Here are the types of Canadian visas you can apply for:

US

When aiming for USA immigration status, here are the major immigrant visa you can apply for:

  • Spouse of a US Citizen (IR1, CR1)
  • Fiancé(e) to marry US Citizen and live in US (K-1)
  • Spouse of a US Citizen awaiting approval for an I-130 petition (K-3)

There are several other types of Immigrant visas for the US that you can view on this link.

Education

Canada

 

US

QS World University Rankings: USA – Top 10 Universities in the US

Rank

Institution

Location

1

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA

2

Stanford University

Stanford, CA

3

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Cambridge, MA

4

University of California, Berkeley (UCB)

Berkeley, CA

5

Columbia University

New York, NY

6

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

Los Angeles, CA

7

Yale University

New Haven, CT

8

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA

9

Princeton University

Princeton, NJ

10

Cornell University

Ithaca, NY

 

The USA also allows eligible F-1 students to opt for Optional Practical Training. This is one type of work that permits students to gain real-time work experience related to their subject of study.

Cost of Living

Canada

The cost of living is a little greater in Canada than the USA. Canada ranked an average of 7.6 on the Average Life Satisfaction Ranking scale whereas the USA’s ranking is 7. As per the World Happiness Index chart, Canada ranks 9th on the list while the United States managed to secure 19th place from the list. 

US

The job salary structure is much better in the USA and they are typically on the higher side of the scale when compared to Canadian job pays.  

Current trends: 2020 updates in immigration laws (important updates with date)

Canada

Updates from the Canadian government in the year 2020:

  • Open work permit pilot program extended to a spouse or common-law partner in Canada class (30 July 2020)
  • Biometrics collection exemption for temporary residence visa applicants from within Canada (15 July 2020)
  • Extension for temporary residents applying to restore their status (14 July 2020) 
  • Temporary public policy for an exemption to essential workers from giving biometrics overseas (5 June 2020) 
  • Flexibility in post-graduation work permit to international students and Canadian post-secondary institutions (14 May 2020) 
  • Increase in permanent residence fees (30 April 2020)
  • Processing changes for Canada visas due to COVID-19 (10 April 2020)
  • Opening of Agri-Food Immigration Pilot (30 March 2020)
  • Special measures to assist temporary and permanent residents and applicants affected by the novel coronavirus (7 February 2020)

US

Updates on immigration to the US:

  • President Donald Trump has recently signed and passed a new Executive Order that limits immigration to the USA for the rest of this year i.e. 2020. This Executive Order came into effect on 24 June 2020 and will stand till 31 December 2020.

US Public Charge Rule for Visa Applicants

The Public Charge Rule was first established in 1882 in order to empower the US government with the right to deny a US visa to anyone who “is likely at any time to become a public charge”. Although the definition of “public charge” was not very clear at that time.

On July 29, 2020, both these new Public Charge rules were blocked by court orders. On August 12, 2020, the US injunction was limited to three states including Vermont, New York, and Connecticut by order from the Second Circuit.

USCIS can utilize the new 2019 rule to approve an application for green cards and visas in all other states but the Department of State cannot apply the new 2019 rules for cases resolved at consulates and embassies.

Public Charge is applicable only to immigrants seeking permanent resident status in the USA through a family member’s petition.

Travel Ban in the USA:

US Travel Ban primarily denotes the series of executive orders performed by Donald Trump soon after being elected as the President of the United States in the year 2017. Executive Order 13769 initially imposed harsh restrictions on travel to the USA for the nationals of Iraq, Iran, Libya, Sudan, Somalia, Syria, and Yemen. 

With the amendment in Executive Order 13780, Iraq was spared from the list. Later Sudan was also removed but restrictions were added for North Korea, Venezuela, and Chad.

With effect from 31st January 2020, Myanmar, Nigeria, Sudan, Eritrea, Kyrgyzstan, and Tanzania were included. Only certain categories of visas from these six countries come under this ban.

Common challenges faced by Indian immigrants

Canada

Settling to any foreign country is not at all easy and it is the same as Canada. You will find many Indian immigrants in Canada who will share their part of the story of what kind of challenges they faced during the initial days.

Here is the list of most common hardships experienced by Indians in Canada:

  • Learning new language (along with a different accent)
  • Cultural differences
  • Making new friends
  • Discrimination in employment opportunities
  • Finding a place to stay
  • Access to local services
  • Weather conditions (particularly during winter months)
  • Raising children
  • Fighting the prejudice

US

The USA allures a large chunk of Indian professionals to settle down. The initial days were not so great for the immigrants as they have to overcome many challenges to make it happen in the USA.

Here is a list of the most common challenges they encountered after coming to the USA:

  • Hardship to blend in with different social norms
  • Isolation on the basis of origin
  • Social discrimination
  • Fast Food Diet (many Indians are hardcore vegetarian and it’s hard for them to accustomed to non-veg foods)
  • Raising children
  • Finding a house
  • Extreme weather conditions
  • A single country with 5 different time zones

Conclusion

So, the bottom line is, the United States is a perfect destination to grab better-paid jobs and secure the Green Card/citizenship more quickly. But if you are looking for more stability in professional life along with the scope to switch jobs or start entrepreneurship, Canada is the country to settle for. 

Although taxes are higher in Canada, it gets compensated with lavish healthcare and social benefits. We have just tried our best to place the pros and cons of each country through this article so that you can choose your immigration destination judiciously.

CTA

Are you still in a dilemma? Don’t hesitate to contact us. We are here with a team of exceptionally capable and experienced immigration lawyers to make your road to Canada and the USA smooth and simple. The immigration system to any of this country will overload you with lots of paper works to be done. Our team of experts will do that for you to meet the permanent resident eligibility criteria set by the USA and Canada. For any kind of inquiry or help on legal immigration, we are always ready to help you.

Other FAQs:

How long does it take for USCIS to process the application of a Green Card in the USA?

In order to provide green card/permanent residency status applicants with a more accurate estimation of processing time, USCIS now uses an automated methodology. According to USCIS, it takes anything from 7 months to 33months to process the application Form I-485.

The pilot program of granting US citizenship only applies to the following scenario:

  • N-400 Application for Naturalization
  • I-485 Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status
  • I-90 Application to Replace Permanent Residence Card
  • I-751 Petition to Remove Conditions on Residence

Is there any quota for the number of immigrants to the USA?

Yes, there are. The maximum limit for permanent employment-based immigrants in the USA is 140,000 per year. This number not just denotes the number of immigrants but also includes their eligible spouses and dependent children. This means the actual number of immigrants to the USA is much less than 140,000 per year.

What are some important things to remember ?

  • As per a report, Population Density in the United States is 84 residents per square mile of the land area. Canada’s population density is about 3 people per square kilometre as per the survey. 
  • According to the Global Economic Competitiveness report, Canada scored 79.59 points on a scale of 100 while USA’s scored better with 83.7 points.
  • Thanks to Canada’s economy and its policy, it is showing a steady decline in Unemployment Rate and it was about 5.67% in 2019. In July 2020, America registered an unemployment rate of 10.2 which means your job is more secured in Canada.
  • Wages, Racial Discrimination, and Safety: The crime rate is much higher in the USA than Canada but the US job market is more open to new immigrants and it offers better pay. Incidents of racial discrimination and hatred are higher in the USA. US Homeland Security tries its best to ensure the nation’s safety along with its citizens.
  • Weather Changes for Indians is a serious struggle to face immediately after migrating to the US or in Canada. Most of the year, two of these countries experience gloomy weather and heavy snowfall. Summer months are the only relief.

How are points awarded to immigration candidates in Canada?

Canada follows a point system while selecting immigration candidates. It is known as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). When you are applying for a permanent residency in this country, you must have to secure a good score as per the Canadian PR Points Calculator.

The following parameters play a crucial role in determining your score on CRS:

  • Education
  • Language skill
  • Work experience
  • Age
  • Adaptability
  • Arranged employment in Canada

With these selection factors, if you can accumulate as many as 67 points (or higher) out of 100, you may qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Program. If you meet other requirements also, you are eligible to submit your profile for the Express Entry Pool.

What do a refugee and a refugee claimant mean?

A ‘refugee claimant’ is described as a person who has not yet received legal status from the government. A ‘refugee’ is a person who has been granted refugee status by following the official refugee determination process of a country. 

Refugees are allowed by the foreign government to work and live in the country permanently on the basis of their refugee claim.

Is it easier to find a job in Canada or America for an immigrant?

It is easier to find a job in the USA than in Canada, as the latter often emphasizes having ‘Canadian work experience’. Furthermore, the USA features a more expansive and prolific job market.

Is Canada PR better than H1b?

Canadian PR is better to ensure an overall safe and secure life. It also comes with a quick Canadian citizenship option whereas the US H1B visa is more perfect to explore high-skilled job opportunities and ambitious careers.

Can I go to Canada with a H1b?

Yes, you can. You can travel to Canada with US H1B provided your trip duration is not more than 30 days.

Can I work in the USA with Canadian PR?

You can not work in the USA with Canadian PR unless you have an H1 visa for the USA.

How do I keep my PR and h1b in Canada?

You can hold the US H1B visas and Canadian PR simultaneously. To maintain the PR, you have to live 2 years out of 5 years in Canada.

What is an Asylum Seeker?

An asylum seeker is someone who is looking for international protection from the danger he/she is facing in his/her home country. Such individuals are eligible to apply for protection in their destination country only when they have arrived or across a border of the destination country.

How much Indians earn in Canada?

The average Indian salary in Canada is $37,050 per year or more or less $20 per hour.

How many do Indians stay in Canada?

As per a survey, there are more than 10,00,000 Indians in Canada right now.

What is the highest paid job in Canada?

Some of the most sought-after and highest-paying jobs in Canada are :

  • Doctor
  • Dentist
  • nurse
  • utility managers
  • lawyer

Topics: Migrate, Canada, USA

K Nagaraju
K Nagaraju

Nagaraj is a veteran in processing Canada visas. He proves as the best professional to handle all PR visa process.

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