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Canada Vs. Australia Which country is better for immigration in 2024?

Choosing between Canada vs Australia immigration can be tough! Both these places offer excellent job opportunities. They are sort of mirror images. 

Standard of education in both these countries is similar. Canada however has a slight edge over Australia in education. Educational institutions in Canada are more affordable than Australian schools, colleges and universities.

This blog gives you a better insight into the immigration possibilities, the cost of living, opportunities, and various other key deciding factors to help you make a decision. Keep reading.

Top 10 Differences in Canada Vs. Australia Immigration 2024

Canada & Australia Immigration: A Quick Comparison



Flexible Skilled Immigration Policies

Access to New Zealand

Good Labour Market

Public Education

Low-Cost Accommodation

Better Economy

Ideal Family Settings

Organized Immigration Procedure

Lower Interest Rate

PR Score is Lower Than Canada

Easy PR System

Higher Salary for Skilled Workers


Confused between choosing Canada and Australia for immigration?


1. Which Country is Better to Settle Permanently: Canada or Australia

Dollar Value

1 USD = 1.30 AUD


1 USD = 1.28 CAD

Dollar Value

1 USD = 1.30 AUD


1 USD = 1.28 CAD


It will cost you around AUD20,000 to AUD37,000 to pursue a UG or PG course.


You will likely need between CAD20,000 and CAD30,000 annually to cover tuition.


It will cost you around AUD20,000 to AUD37,000 to pursue a UG or PG course.


You will likely need between CAD20,000 and CAD30,000 annually to cover tuition.

Job Opportunities

Combined job opportunities of New Zealand and Australia.


Many job opportunities for IT specialists and Engineers.

Job Opportunities

Combined job opportunities of New Zealand and Australia.


Many job opportunities for IT specialists and Engineers.

Cost of living

AUD 2,835 per month for a single person


CAD 2,730 per month for a single person

Cost of living

AUD 2,835 per month for a single person


CAD 2,730 per month for a single person


'Medicare' health insurance for all international students


Free of cost health facilities for all international students


'Medicare' health insurance for all international students


Free of cost health facilities for all international students

PR Process

The process is more time-consuming and the success rate is lower than Canada PR.


It is easier and faster with programs like FSWP, CEC and PNP

PR Process

The process is more time-consuming and the success rate is lower than Canada PR.


It is easier and faster with programs like FSWP, CEC and PNP

Public Benefits

Free public transportation for students across the country


Access to CERB (Canada Emergency Response Benefit)

Public Benefits

Free public transportation for students across the country


Access to CERB (Canada Emergency Response Benefit


2. Canada Vs. Australia: A General Comparison





Cars are relatively cheaper in Canada.

Can be expensive, especially in Melbourne or Sydney.

Interest Rate

Banking interest rates are lower in Canada.

The Australian banking interest rate is comparatively higher.


Canada has a diversified labour market.

The diversification is not decent enough in Australia.


The weather in Canada can be quite cold.

The weather in the Australian provinces and territories stays pretty warm and favourable.   

Privileges and Rights 

The rights and privileges for immigrants are well-constructed in Canada.

Not encouraging for the migrants.

Liveable Aspects  

It is ideal for families.

It is Perfect for active workers.

Better Community

Slightly more tolerant of new immigrants.

Australia’s population is less open-minded in the case of the migrants.

Geographical Assets

Filled with beautiful mountains.

Has a lot of lakes, seas, etc.


3. Job Opportunities in Canada & Australia 

Working in Canada

With a GDP or $1.7T, Canada is the 10th strongest economy in the world. Tech jobs in Canada are in high demand. So much that both Ontario and British Columbia have introduced tech-specific draws focusing on highly skilled and experienced foreign tech professionals.

Canada In-Demand Jobs in 2020-21

In-Demand Jobs

Average Salary

NOC Code

Sales Associate





7511 / 7521 / 7452







Web Developer



Business Development Manager



General Labourer



Project Manager


0211 / 0213 / 0711 / 1221

Heavy-Duty Mechanic







Working in Australia

Australia has shown a strong economic performance over the last decade. This has resulted in significant economic growth alongside low unemployment, low inflation and low interest rates. With an open and competitive economy, Australia features a dynamic private sector along with a skilled workforce.

Australia In-Demand Jobs

In-Demand Jobs

Average Salary

Occupation ID

Registered Nurses



Software & Applications Programmer






Construction Managers



Motor Mechanics



University Lecturers



Management Consultants



General Practitioners & Resident Medical Officers 



Civil Engineering Professionals



Mechanical & Production Engineers




Key Takeaway: Canada & Australia with strong economies provide equal job opportunities to immigrants.

4. Job Security in Canada & Australia

Canada Job Security

The employee retention rate in Canada is good. But job security is not guaranteed. Almost 85% of professionals with secure jobs in Canada receive pensions. Moreover 94% of workers were found to get paid when they were ill. 

Australia Job Security

There is a high rate of self-assessed job security among workers in Australia. Job retention averages about 89% across the country. A large section of workers say that they have 100% confidence of retaining their job in the coming 1 year.

Key Takeaway: Australia scores better than Canada when it comes to job security.

5. Taxation in Canada & Australia


There is a higher average practical tax rate of 28% in Canada. The average take-home salary of Canadian employees is approximately $35,500 per annum. Taxes usually make a huge difference. The post-tax annual salary is what you actually get. 


Australia has a lower average practical tax rate of 23.6%. The progressive tax rate in the country ensures that you pay more tax with higher income. The tax-free threshold after which the tax kicks-in is $18,200. Foreign residents in Australia have no tax-free threshold.

Key Takeaway: You will have to pay less tax on income in Australia, than you would in Canada. 

6. Cost of Living in Canada & Australia


Generous government benefits in terms of food security and health benefits are offered in Canada. Moreover cost of living is a bit lower when compared with Australia. It is estimated that one would require $1,650 - $2,500 every month and about $5,158 for a family.


Ranked as the 16th most expensive cost of living in the world, life in Australia comes with a price tag. Moreover, the cost of living in this island nation varies from one region to another. Sydney is the most expensive to be closely followed by Melbourne, Perth, Canberra and Brisbane.

Average Cost of Living in Canada & Australia PR


Canada (CAD/INR) (Approximately)

Australia (AUD/INR) (Approximately)


76 (INR 4,200)

71 (INR 3,800)

Phone and Internet

127 (INR 7,090)         

120 (INR 6,415)

Fuel Cost

1.25 (INR 70)

1.48 (INR 79.12)

Public Transport (monthly)

95 (INR 5,300)

150 (INR 8020)

Fundamental Utilities

149 (INR 8,300)

207 (INR 11070)

House Rent – 1 to 3 BHK

1300 – 2000 (INR 72,500 – INR 1,11,160)

1700 – 2700 (INR 90,900 – INR 1,44,350)


952 (INR 53,110)

1800 (INR 96,200)

Fitness Club

49 (INR 2,730)

65 (INR 3,474)


Key Takeaway: Life in Australia comes with a fancy price tag! You can choose Canada on this front.

7. Healthcare Facilities in Canada & Australia


Basic health care is free in Canada. It is delivered through Medicare. Health insurance coverage is the basic requirement for Medicare. Health care costs are also lower here. The Canadian healthcare system is more humane. 


Australia features a robust healthcare system. You’ll have access to medicare when you become a permanent resident. However, many Australians prefer to take out private health insurance so that they can cover costs  for dental and specialist care.

Key Takeaway: Both Canada & Australia provide a robust healthcare cover to immigrant permanent residents.

8. Cost of Education in Canada & Australia


Education in Canada is affordable when compared to other countries. Canada offers free public schools to children of immigrants until the age of 16 or 18. You can also send kids to private Canadian schools that charge a tuition fee of $6,135 to $10,733 a year. 


Immigrants can choose to study in government schools or non-government schools in Australia. Government schools are mostly free for permanent residents and Australian citizens. However, some schools may charge a donation fee or ‘voluntary contribution’ of $44 to $730.

Key Takeaway: Australia is a step ahead than Canada with a lower cost of education.

9. Scope of Getting Citizenship 


Citizenship is a possibility after you have physically lived for 3 years (1,460 days) as a PR in Canada. However, a citizenship test and filing of your tax returns are required. If you are looking for permanent residency, Canada is a good place to head for.


You can apply for Australian citizenship after you have physically lived in the country as a temporary or permanent resident. The cumulative count of three out of the past four years is essential. You may also have to demonstrate a job record to be eligible.

Key Takeaway: Both Canada & Australia assure you chances of citizenship after 3 years, albeit a few conditions.

10. Average Working Hours in Canada & Australia

Canada Working Hours

The federal employees' standard work hours in Canada are 8 hours per day. This totals up to 40 hours a week, or 2086 hours every year.

Australia Working Hours

When it comes to Australia, employees' standard work hours are 7.6 hours per day. It sums up to 38 hours a week, or 1797 hours every year.

Key Takeaway: Eventually, you have more hours to spend with your loved ones in Australia than in Canada.

Canada vs Australia Immigration For Permanent Residency 


Now that you understand the broader aspects of settling in both countries, let us get into the Immigration pathways, eligibility requirements, documentation and application process for different visa types.

Lets compare the visa process for a Permanent Resident Status in Canada and Australia, similarities and differences. 

1. Eligibility Criteria Comparison for Canada & Australia PR

Canada PR

Australia PR

The primary applicant must be 18 years old

The age of the immigrants must be within 45 years

You must score at least 67 points

You should score 65 points in the selection exam

Your occupation is enrolled under Canada Demand List


You need to have a 12-month work experience

You must have a decent exposure in ROL, MLTSSL, or STSOL

You must have an educational degree

You would require a globally-acknowledged educational degree

IELTS Test Results

Immigrants should clear the IELTS language exam with passing marks

The candidate should provide fund-related paperwork


You must have a decent CRS score


Referral letter from your employer


You have not made a refugee application

You should select an appropriate visa category as per your PR program

You have a relative or family member living in Canada

You must be mentally and physically fit


2. Documents Required for Canada & Australia PR

The paperwork required for Canada PR & Australia PR are:

Canada PR

Australia PR

Educational credential papers

Educational certificates

Proofs of adequate income source

Evidence of settlement fund

Result of language assessment according to Canadian language benchmark

English proficiency test results

Sponsorship or referral letter

Travel documents

Skill assessment report


Recommendation letter

Certificates of work experience 

Personal identification document

Personal identification document

Police clearance certificate

Police clearance certificate

Valid passport

Valid passport

Medical Certificate

Medical Certificate


Documentation is an important aspect of the visa process. Most applications get rejected for incomplete or missing documents. A visa consultant can help you with a detailed document checklist, verify the authenticity, and provide guidance on the format and specification required for your visa type.

Talk to an Expert Now!

3. The 8-Step Application Process for Canada & Australia PR

Canada PR Application Process

Australian PR Application Process

Step 1: You should complete your ECA.

Step 1: You must verify your eligibility criteria.

Step 2: You must attain a passing score in IELTS.

Step 2: Keep documents ready 

Step 3: Create an Express Entry profile online.

You may register with a Job Bank (non-compulsory).

Step 3: Update or create an EOI in SkillSelect

This indicates that you want to be nominated.

Step 4: You must provide a medical and police clearance certificate.

Step 4: Submit a Registration of Interest

You will be selected if you meet all the eligibility requirements.

Step 5: You may apply for the Provincial Nomination Program.

Step 5: Apply for visa nomination,

Step 6: Acquire your ITA (Invitation to Apply).

Step 6: Upon nomination, you will receive a Skill Select invitation to apply

Step 7: Get your PR status confirmation.

Step 7: Submit your visa application to the Department of Home Affairs within 60 days

Step 8: Provide your passport and other documents for the visa stamping process.

Step 8: Receive your visa


Not sure on how to get started with the PR process? Let our visa experts guide you today!

Book a free consultation

4. Immigration Policies for Canada & Australia


Canada Immigration

Australian Immigration

Additional Details

Family Status



Dependents can go with the main candidate.

Citizen Benefits



Free education, social security services, free healthcare facilities, etc.

Entire Process Period

80% of candidates in six months

75% aspirants in eight months

Might vary in some cases

Total Demand List

300 occupations

200 occupations

Visa Expenses

CAD 1325 (around 70,000 INR)

$4,100 AUD (around INR 2,20,00)


Visa Validity

5 years

5 years


Job Opportunities




Did you know? 

The 2021-2023 Canadian Immigration Levels Plan aims to welcome about 60 per cent of all immigrants under economic class programs, including through Express Entry and the Provincial Nominee Program.


5. Key Differences in the Point-based Immigration System 

Here are all the factors that add points to your PR:










Regional Working Experience



Foreign Working Experience






Other Factors



Total Passing Score



6. Benefits of having a PR Card: Canada vs Australia 

Here is a comparison of the benefits of having a PR card in Canada and Australia.

Canada PR Benefits

Australia PR Benefits

Free-of-cost education for children 

Applicants get full working rights in Australia and New Zealand

Accessibility to the United States of America

Right to apply for citizenship and immigration to Australia

Both applicants can get a job under ‘family status’

Access to different student loans and personal loans

A visa of 5-year with several entries

Benefits of social security

Opportunity to change jobs at will

Medicare health coverage

Eligibility to become an official Canadian citizen

Eligibility for FHOG (First Home Owner Grant)

Protection under Canadian Immigration Rights and Freedoms

Freedom to attain higher education

Free social and health provisions for the family

The privilege of sponsoring relatives


So are you excited to get your Permanent Residence status in Australia or Canada? Let our experts guide you through the visa process today!

Book a free consultation

Other FAQs

What are the Types of Canada & Australia Visas?

For an Indian IT professional, which country is better to live in, Canada or Australia?

For an Indian IT professional, Canada would be a better country to live in.

  • Canada provides government benefits for low-earning individuals or families.
  • Immigration to Canada for skilled migrants is easy.
  • Lower cost of domestic flights
  • Decent pay scale for foreign nationals workers
  • The Canadian business sector is growing rapidly.
  • The employers do not give much importance to regional working experience.
  • The accommodation cost is less expensive.
  • Better working holiday setup

What are the different options available for immigrating to Canada?

Different options available for immigrating to Canada are:

  • Quebec immigration.
  • Provincial Economic Class.
  • Family Class Sponsorship.
  • Federal Economic Class.
  • Business Immigration.
  • Transitional Immigration.


We hope that this blog helped you with all the similarities and differences for Canada and Australia Immigration. Here’s a quick summary of the same:

Deciding Factor

Canada PR

Australia PR

Job Opportunities

Limited Options

Limited Options

Average Working Hours

2,086 Hours/Year

1,797 Hours/Year

Job Security



Average Salary

$38,805 - $50,213

$37,129 - $47,986

Average Tax



Cost of Living

$1,650 - $2,500 Per Month

$1,666 - $2,835 Per Month


Medicare Coverage

(Free or Low-Cost)

Medicare Coverage

(Free or Low-Cost)

Cost of Education

$6,135 - $10,733 Per Year

$7,800 - $30,000 per year

Scope for Citizenship

After 3 Years

After 4 Years


Applying for permanent residency in Canada is relatively easier and has a faster visa processing time than Australia. It also costs less as compared to an Australian visa. Although, Australia has a relatively higher pay scale than Canada.

So, make your choice and make it right. 

If you have any queries contact our immigration consultants. Our team of experts will be more than glad to help you with your PR visa application.

Book a free consultation

How Can Kansas Overseas Help?

Kansas Overseas Careers specializes in Permanent Residency Visas, Work Visas, Study Visas, Temporary visas, and Dependent Visas to Canada, UK, USA, Germany, and Hong Kong. 

Apart from these services, Kansas offers its clients personalized services such as:

  • Profile Evaluation: Professional guidance based on an in-depth assessment of the client profile to determine chances of visa success. 
  • Documents & Review: Detailed, error-free documentation based on the visa type drafted to meet specific formats.
  • Dedicated Case Officer: A dedicated consultant to assist clients throughout the process.
  • Visa Filing: Kansas ensures that the visa applications meet all the standard requirements of concerned immigration authorities and governing bodies.
  • Test Preparations: Complimentary online courses are offered to help aspirants improve their Language Proficiency for important exams like IELTS, French, TOEFL, and PTE.
  • Visa & Interview: Guidance is provided for aspirants attending visa interviews along with verified documents.  
  • Post-Landing Service: Kansas helps clients settle down in the new country with a comfortable stay after they have received their visas.

Additional services offered to job-seekers:

  • Resume Writing: Dedicated team of resume experts to craft the best resumes that meet prerequisites of immigration authorities and potential employers. This greatly improves their chances of selection.
  • Profile Marketing: Kansas is well-known for creating the best-in-class portfolios that boost applicant profiles in job-portals. And yes, this is a complimentary service!

Additional services For students looking for a study visa:

  • Admission Guidance: Comparisons between the best programs, colleges, and countries to study in, including arranged mentorship from existing students.
  • Writing Services: Admission Essays, Student CV, Statement of purpose (SOP), Letter of recommendations (LOR), and other important services offered by a dedicated team. 
  • Scholarships & Financial Aid: Offer help to find the best Scholarships programs, Education loans, Study abroad loans, and also offer help in sourcing paid-Internships.

Don’t wait. Begin your visa application today!

Book a free consultation

Topics: Migrate, Canada, Australia, Canada-Immigration, Australia-Immigration